Hubei Institute of Fine Arts - History


The academy dates back to Wuchang Fine Arts School (Simplified Chinese: 武昌美术学校; Traditional Chinese: 武昌美術學校; Pinyin: Wuchang Meishu Xuexiao ), which was founded in 1920 by Jiang Lanpu, Tang Yijing and Xu Ziheng. In 1923, it was renamed Wuchang Specialised School of Fine Arts(Simplified Chinese: 武昌美术专门学校; Traditional Chinese: 武昌美術專門學校; Pinyin: Wuchang Meishu Zhuanmen Xuexiao ) and became one of the three oldest art academies in modern China. In 1930, it was renamed Private Wu Chang College of Fine Arts (Simplified Chinese: 私立武昌艺术专科学校; Traditional Chinese: 私立武昌藝術專科學校; Pinyin: Sili Wuchang Yishu Zhuanke Xuexiao ). In the mid-1930s, the college reached the heyday in terms of size, talent training and academic achievements, and became one of the most important art education bases in China. During the War of Resistance Against Japan, Wu Chang College of Fine Arts moved to Jiangjin, Sichuan Province in 1938 and returned to Wuhan after the victory. Despite the great difficulties during the anti-Japanese war, the college reached its another peak of development. The college made tremendous contributions to the establishment and development of the modern art education in China and laid the solid foundation for the art education in PRC. After the founding of PRC in 1949, Wu Chang College of Fine Arts was merged into Central Plains University (Simplified Chinese: 中原大学; Traditional Chinese: 中原大學; Pinyin: Zhongyuan Daxue ), Hubei Education College (Simplified Chinese: 湖北教育学院; Traditional Chinese: 湖北教育學院; Pinyin: Hubei Jiaoyu Xueyuan ) and Central China Normal College (Simplified Chinese: 华中师范学院; Traditional Chinese: 華中師範學院; Pinyin: Huazhong Shifan Xueyuan) successively. In 1977, it developed into an independent college——Hubei Art Academy (Simplified Chinese: 湖北艺术学院; Traditional Chinese: 湖北藝術學院; Pinyin: Hubei Yishu Xueyuan), which consisted of the Fine Arts Division and the Music Division. In 1985, with the approval of the then State Education Commission, the Fine Arts Division of Hubei Art Academy became Hubei Institute of Fine Arts, shaping the new setup of higher education of fine arts in contemporary China and opening the new chapter of development in the history of the academy.

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