History of The Punjab

History Of The Punjab

The first known mention of the word Punjab is in the writings of Ibn Batūtā, who visited the region in the 14th century. The term came into wider use in the second half of the 16th century, and was used in the book Tarikh-e-Sher Shah Suri (1580), which mentions the construction of a fort by "Sher Khan of Punjab". The first mentioning of the Sanskrit equivalent of 'Punjab', however, occurs in the great epic, the Mahabharata (pancha-nada 'country of five rivers'). The name is mentioned again in Ain-e-Akbari (part 1), written by Abul Fazal, who also mentions that the territory of Punjab was divided into two provinces, Lahore and Multan. Similarly in the second volume of Ain-e-Akbari, the title of a chapter includes the word Panjnad in it. The Mughal King Jahangir also mentions the word Panjab in Tuzk-i-Janhageeri. Punjab in Persian literally means "five" (panj) "waters" (āb), i.e., the Land of Five Rivers, referring to the five rivers which go through it. It was because of this that it was made the granary of British India. Today, three of the rivers run exclusively in Pakistani Panjab with the tributaries of the other two eventually draining there as well. Indian Punjab has the headwaters of the remaining two rivers which eventually drain over into Pakistan.

Read more about History Of The Punjab:  Pre-Aryan Civilization, Indo-Aryans, Vedic Era, The Shahi Kingdoms and The Muslim Invasions, Sikh Rule, British Raj, The Punjab of Republic of India and Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Punjab History Timeline

Other articles related to "history of the punjab, punjab":

History Of The Punjab - Punjab History Timeline
711–713 Muhammad bin Qasim, the Arab general, conquer Sindh and Punjab regions along the Indus River (modern day Pakistan) for the Umayyad Caliphate. 1764–1799 Rule by the Sikh Misls 1799–1839 Rule over Punjab by the minority community of Sikhs, led by Maharaja Ranjit Singh Maharaja Ranjit Singh (born 1780. 1849 Annexation of Punjab - The British Empire annexed Punjab in c.1845-49 after the First and Second Anglo-Sikh Wars 1849–1947 British India established 1911 Calcutta ceases to be capital of ...

Famous quotes containing the words history of and/or history:

    Like their personal lives, women’s history is fragmented, interrupted; a shadow history of human beings whose existence has been shaped by the efforts and the demands of others.
    Elizabeth Janeway (b. 1913)

    When the history of this period is written, [William Jennings] Bryan will stand out as one of the most remarkable men of his generation and one of the biggest political men of our country.
    William Howard Taft (1857–1930)