The history of the Greek alphabet starts with the adoption of Phoenician letter forms and continues to the present day. This article concentrates on the early period, before the codification of the now-standard Greek alphabet.
The Phoenician alphabet was strictly speaking an abjad that was consistently explicit only about consonants, though even by the 9th century BC it had developed matres lectionis to indicate some, mostly final, vowels. This arrangement is much less suitable for Greek than for Semitic languages, and these matres lectionis, as well as several Phoenician letters which represented consonants not present in Greek, were adapted to represent vowels consistently, if not unambiguously.
The Greek alphabet was developed by a Greek with first-hand experience of contemporary Phoenician script and, almost as quickly as it was established in the Greek mainland was rapidly re-exported, eastwards to Phrygia, where a similar script was devised, and westwards with Euboean or West Greek traders, where the Etruscans adapted the Greek alphabet to their own language.
Read more about History Of The Greek Alphabet: Chronology of Adoption, Restructuring of The Phoenician Abjad, Epichoric Alphabets, Additional Letters, Standardization – The Ionic Alphabet, Later Developments, The Names of The Letters, Greek Numerals, Diffusion
Other articles related to "greek, history of the greek alphabet, alphabets, the greek alphabet, greek alphabet, greeks":
... Dionysius Thrax (Ancient Greek Διονύσιος ὁ Θρᾷξ) (170 BC – 90 BC) was a Hellenistic grammarian and a pupil of Aristarchus of Samothrace ... The first extant grammar of Greek, "Art of Grammar" (Tékhnē grammatiké, Greek τέχνη γραμματική) is attributed to him but many scholars today doubt that the work really ... It concerns itself primarily with a morphological description of Greek, lacking any treatment of syntax ...
... The Old Italic and Anatolian alphabets are, like the Greek alphabet, attested from the 8th century BC ... or rather as early descendants of the nascent Greek alphabet proper ...
... Greek may also refer to Greeks (finance), the Greeks epresenting the sensitivities of derivatives (the most common of these sensitivities are often denoted by Greek letters ...
... In earlier Greek art, satyrs appear as old and ugly, but in later art, especially in works of the Attic school, this savage characteristic is softened into a more youthful ... or humanization of the Satyr appears throughout late Greek art ... Greek spirits known as Calicantsars have a noticeable resemblance to the ancient satyrs they have goats' ears and the feet of donkeys or goats or horses, are covered with hair, and love women and the dance ...
... Avienus, Volsinii, Etruria, writing in Latin Nonnus, Egypt, writing in Greek Quintus Smyrnaeus, writing in Greek Tryphiodorus, Egypt, writing in Greek Palladas, Alexandria, Egypt, writing in Greek ...
Famous quotes containing the words history of, alphabet, history and/or greek:
“The history of mens opposition to womens emancipation is more interesting perhaps than the story of that emancipation itself.”
—Virginia Woolf (18821941)
“I wonder, Mr. Bone man, what youre thinking
of your fury now, gone sour as a sinking whale,
crawling up the alphabet on her own bones.”
—Anne Sexton (19281974)
“The thing that struck me forcefully was the feeling of great age about the place. Standing on that old parade ground, which is now a cricket field, I could feel the dead generations crowding me. Here was the oldest settlement of freedmen in the Western world, no doubt. Men who had thrown off the bands of slavery by their own courage and ingenuity. The courage and daring of the Maroons strike like a purple beam across the history of Jamaica.”
—Zora Neale Hurston (18911960)
“Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame,
With conquering limbs astride from land to land,
Here at our sea-washed, sunset gates shall stand
A mighty woman with a torch, whose flame
Is the imprisoned lightning, and her name
Mother of Exiles. From her beacon-hand
Glows world-wide welcome; her mild eyes command
The air-bridged harbor that twin cities frame.”
—Emma Lazarus (18491887)