History of Haryana - Medieval Period

Medieval Period

After ousting the Huns, king Harshavardhana established his capital at Thanesar near Kurukshetra in the 7th century AD. After his death, the kingdom of his clansmen, the Pratiharas ruled over a vast region for quite a while from Harsha's adopted capital Kannauj. The region remained strategically important for the rulers of North India even though Thanesar was no more as central as Kannauj. Prithviraj Chauhan established forts at Taraori and Hansi in the 12th century. Muhammad Ghori conquered this area in the Second Battle of Tarain. Following his death, the Delhi Sultanate was established that ruled much of India for several centuries. The earliest reference to 'Hariana' occurs in a Sanskrit inscription dated 1328 AD kept in Delhi Museum, which refers to this region as The heaven on earth, indicating that it was fertile and relatively peaceful at that time. Firoz Shah Tughlaq established a fort at Hisar in 1354 to further fortify the region, and also constructed canals or rajwahas as they were referred to in the Indo-Persian historical texts.

The three famous battles of Panipat took place near the modern town of Panipat. The first battle took place in 1526, where Babur, the ruler of Kabul defeated Ibrahim Lodi of the Delhi Sultanate, through the use of field artillery. This battle marked the beginning of the Mughal empire in India. In the second battle of Panipat (November 5, 1556), Akbar's general Bairam Khan defeated the local Haryanvi the last Hindu emperor of India, Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya also called Hemu, who belonged to Rewari in Haryana. Hemu rose from a businessman to become advisor to Afghan kings and then Prime Minister-cum-Chief of Army. He fought and won 22 battles in between 1553 to 1556, from Punjab to Bengal against Afghans and Mughals and won all of them without losing any. Hemu defeated Akbar's army at Tughlaqabad in Delhi and became emperor of North India at Delhi on 7th of Octobet 1556 declaring him self as a Vikramaditya king following the reigns of earlier Vedic kings. and paved the way for Akbar's reign. The Third Battle of Panipat was fought in 1761 between the Afghan warlord Ahmad Shah Abdali and the Marathas under Sadashivrao Bhau of Pune. Ahmad Shah won decisively, on January 13, 1761.

Read more about this topic:  History Of Haryana

Other articles related to "medieval period, medieval":

Science Fact - History and Philosophy - History - Medieval Science
... During the early medieval period, Syrian Christians from Eastern Europe such as Nestorians and Monophysites were the ones that translated much of the important Greek science texts from Greek to Syriac and the ... provided much of the activity during the early medieval period ... In the later medieval period, Europeans recovered some ancient knowledge by translations of texts and they built their work upon the knowledge of Aristotle, Ptolemy, Euclid, and others works ...
Coldharbour, Surrey - History - Medieval Period
... The original settlement of Capel consisted of approximately 30 farms, most of which still exist today bearing the names of their tenants in the early 14th century ... Timbers in some of the farmhouses have also been dated to 14th century ...
Croatian Latin Literature - Medieval Period
... Traces of Latin in medieval Croatia date from the 9th century, in stone inscriptions and well-preserved public and private documents ... The medieval Croatian chronicles were written in Latin ...
Blacksmith - History, Prehistory, Religion, and Mythology - Medieval Period
... In the medieval period, blacksmithing was considered part of the set of seven mechanical arts ... European blacksmiths before and through the medieval era spent a great deal of time heating and hammering iron before forging it into finished articles ...

Famous quotes containing the words period and/or medieval:

    We are in a period when old questions are settled and the new are not yet brought forward. Extreme party action, if continued in such a time, would ruin the party. Moderation is its only chance. The party out of power gains by all partisan conduct of those in power.
    Rutherford Birchard Hayes (1822–1893)

    The medieval town, with frieze
    Of boy scouts from Nagoya?
    John Ashbery (b. 1927)