Microprocessor and Cost Reduction
The minicomputer ancestors of the modern personal computer used integrated circuit technology, which reduced size and cost compared to discrete transistors. Processing was carried out by circuits with large numbers of components arranged on multiple large printed circuit boards. Minicomputers were consequently physically large and expensive to produce compared with later microprocessor systems. After the "computer-on-a-chip" was commercialized, the cost to produce a computer system dropped dramatically. The arithmetic, logic, and control functions that previously occupied several costly circuit boards were now available in one integrated circuit which was very expensive to design but cheap to produce in large quantities. Concurrently, advances in developing solid state memory eliminated the bulky, costly, and power-hungry magnetic core memory used in prior generations of computers.
Read more about this topic: History Of Computing Hardware (1960s–present)
Other articles related to "microprocessor and cost reduction, cost, microprocessor":
... computer used early integrated circuit (microchip) technology, which reduced size and cost, but they contained no microprocessor ... the "computer-on-a-chip" was commercialized, the cost to manufacture a computer system dropped dramatically ... After the 1972 introduction of the Intel 4004, microprocessor costs declined rapidly ...
Famous quotes containing the words reduction and/or cost:
“The reduction of nuclear arsenals and the removal of the threat of worldwide nuclear destruction is a measure, in my judgment, of the power and strength of a great nation.”
—Jimmy Carter (James Earl Carter, Jr.)
“To call a posit a posit is not to patronize it. A posit can be unavoidable except at the cost of other no less artificial expedients. Everything to which we concede existence is a posit from the standpoint of a description of the theory-building process, and simultaneously real from the standpoint of the theory that is being built.”
—Willard Van Orman Quine (b. 1908)