History Of Computing Hardware (1960s–present)
The history of computing hardware starting at 1960 is marked by the conversion from vacuum tube to solid state devices such as the transistor and later the integrated circuit. By 1959 discrete transistors were considered sufficiently reliable and economical that they made further vacuum tube computers uncompetitive. Computer main memory slowly moved away from magnetic core memory devices to solid-state static and dynamic semiconductor memory, which greatly reduced the cost, size and power consumption of computer devices. Eventually the cost of integrated circuit devices became low enough that home computers and personal computers became widespread.
Read more about History Of Computing Hardware (1960s–present): Third Generation, Fourth Generation, Mainframes and Minicomputers, Microprocessor and Cost Reduction, Micral N, Altair 8800 and IMSAI 8080, Microcomputer Emerges
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