Position - for most of the exam the patient should be supine and the bed or examination table should be flat. The patient's hands should remain at their sides with the head resting on a pillow. The knees and hips should be in the anatomical position (knee extended, hip neither flexed nor extended).
Lighting - adjusted so that it is ideal.
Draping - both of the patient's hips should be exposed so that the quadriceps muscles and greater trochanter can be assessed.
Read more about this topic: Hip Examination
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