Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964) was the 31st President of the United States (1929–1933). Hoover, born to Quaker parents of German, Swiss, Canadian and Irish descent, was originally a professional mining engineer and author. He achieved American and international prominence in humanitarian relief efforts and served as head of the U.S. Food Administration before and during World War I. As the United States Secretary of Commerce in the 1920s under Presidents Warren Harding and Calvin Coolidge, he promoted partnerships between government and business under the rubric "economic modernization". In the presidential election of 1928, Hoover easily won the Republican nomination, despite having no elected-office experience. Hoover is the most recent cabinet secretary to be elected President of the United States, as well as one of only two Presidents (along with William Howard Taft) elected without electoral experience or high military rank. America was at the height of an economic bubble at the time, facilitating a landslide victory for Hoover over Democrat Al Smith.
Hoover, a globally experienced engineer, believed strongly in the Efficiency Movement, which held that the government and the economy were riddled with inefficiency and waste, and could be improved by experts who could identify the problems and solve them. He also believed in the importance of volunteerism and of the role of individuals in society and the economy. Hoover, who had made a small fortune in mining, was the first of two Presidents to redistribute their salary (President Kennedy was the other; he donated all his paychecks to charity). When the Wall Street Crash of 1929 struck less than eight months after he took office, Hoover tried to combat the ensuing Great Depression with volunteer efforts, public works projects such as the Hoover Dam, tariffs such as the Smoot-Hawley Tariff, an increase in the top tax bracket from 25% to 63% and increases in corporate taxes. These initiatives did not produce economic recovery during his term, but served as the groundwork for various policies incorporated in Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal. After 1933 he became a spokesman in opposition to the domestic and foreign policies of the New Deal. In 1947 President Harry S. Truman brought him back to help make the federal bureaucracy more efficient through the Hoover Commission. The consensus among historians is that Hoover's defeat in the 1932 election was caused primarily by his failure to end the downward economic spiral. Hoover is generally ranked no higher than average among US Presidents.
Read more about Herbert Hoover: Family Background and Early Life, Secretary of Commerce, Presidency 1929–1933, Post-presidency, The Road To War and World War II, Post–World War II, Writing, Heritage and Memorials
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1928 Republican presidential primaries Herbert Hoover - 2,045,928 (49.73%) Frank O ... Dawes - 12,297 (0.30%) 1928 Republican National Convention (Presidential tally) Herbert Hoover - 837 (76.86%) Frank O ... Dawes - 4 (0.37%) Charles Evans Hughes - 1 (0.09%) United States presidential election, 1928 Herbert Hoover/Charles Curtis (R) - 21,427,123 (58.2%) and 444 electoral votes (40 ...
... The Herbert Hoover Presidential Library and Museum is located in West Branch, Iowa next to the Herbert Hoover National Historic Site ... The Lou Henry and Herbert Hoover House, built in 1919 in Palo Alto, California, is now the official residence of the president of Stanford University, and a National Historic ... Hoover's rustic rural presidential retreat, Rapidan Camp (also known as Camp Hoover) in the Shenandoah National Park, Virginia, has been restored and ...
... Clement Dunn February 4, 1928 November 17, 1930 Herbert Hoover F ... Lammot Belin November 17, 1930 September 15, 1931 Herbert Hoover Warren Delano Robbins September 15, 1931 June 11, 1933 Herbert Hoover James Clement Dunn June 11, 1933 April 11 ...
... The Herbert C ... Hoover Building is the Washington, D.C ... Completed in 1932, it was renamed after Herbert Hoover in 1981 ...
... Next to them is Herbert Hoover High School, Sissonville High School and the former DuPont High School with eight the former Charleston High School with seven the former. 2012 – Taylor Freeland, George Washington 2011 – Heather Ryan, Herbert Hoover 2010 – Alexandra Ameli, George Washington 2009 – Casey Jarvis ... Tickle, Stonewall Jackson 1965 – Beth Fleshman, Herbert Hoover 1964 – Betty Conner, Sissonville 1963 – Sandy Limer, East Bank 1962 – Jenny Doty, St ...
Famous quotes by herbert hoover:
“Our country has deliberately undertaken a great social and economic experiment, noble in motive and far- reaching in purpose.”
—Herbert Hoover (18741964)
“In the larger view the major forces of the depression now lie outside of the United States, and our recuperation has been retarded by the unwarranted degree of fear and apprehension created by these outside forces.”
—Herbert Hoover (18741964)
“I, with other Americans, have perhaps unduly resented the stream of criticism of American life ... more particularly have I resented the sneers at Main Street. For I have known that in the cottages that lay behind the street rested the strength of our national character.”
—Herbert Hoover (18741964)