Heart

The heart is a hollow muscle that pumps blood throughout the blood vessels by repeated, rhythmic contractions. It is found in all animals with a circulatory system (including all vertebrates).

The term cardiac (as in cardiology) means "related to the heart" and comes from the Greek καρδιά, kardia, for "heart".

The vertebrate heart is principally composed of cardiac muscle and connective tissue. Cardiac muscle is an involuntary striated muscle tissue found only in this organ and responsible for the ability of the heart to pump blood.

The average human heart, beating at 72 beats per minute, will beat approximately 2.5 billion times during an average 66 year lifespan. It weighs approximately 250 to 300 grams (9 to 11 oz) in females and 300 to 350 grams (11 to 12 oz) in males.

Read more about Heart:  Structure, The Invertebrate Heart, Functioning, Early Development, History of Discoveries, Additional Images

Other articles related to "heart":

William Buckland - Megalosaurus and Marriage
... raconteur and contemporary, recalled, “Talk of strange relics led to mention of the heart of a French King preserved at Nuneham in a silver casket ... strange things, but have never eaten the heart of a king before,’ and, before anyone could hinder him, he had gobbled it up, and the precious relic was lost for ever.” The heart in question is said to have ...
Digoxin - Pharmacokinetic Properties
... by IV injection in urgent situations (the IV injection should be slow, and heart rhythm should be monitored) ... For congestive heart failure, levels between 0.5 and 1.0 ng/ml are recommended ... For heart rate control (atrial fibrillation), plasma levels are less defined and are generally titrated to a goal heart rate ...
Echocardiography
... often referred to cardiac echo or simply an echo is a sonogram of the heart ... and Doppler ultrasound to create images of the heart ... of patients with any suspected or known heart diseases ...
Digoxin - Mechanism of Action
... on the extracellular aspect of the α-subunit of the Na+/K+ ATPase pump in the membranes of heart cells (myocytes) and decreases its function ... potential, which leads to a decrease in heart rate ... This leads to increased contractility (the force of contraction) of the heart without increasing heart energy expenditure ...
Heart Valve
... A heart valve normally allows blood flow in only one direction through the heart ... The four valves commonly represented in a mammalian heart determine the pathway of blood flow through the heart ... A heart valve opens or closes incumbent upon differential blood pressure on each side ...

Famous quotes containing the word heart:

    There will be no lasting peace either in the heart of individuals or in social customs until death is outlawed.
    Albert Camus (1913–1960)

    But as it is written, eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him.
    —Bible: New Testament St. Paul, in 1 Corinthians, 2:9.

    So, we’ll go no more a-roving
    So late into the night,
    Though the heart be still as loving,
    And the moon be still as bright.
    For the sword outwears its sheath,
    And the soul wears out the breast.
    And the heart must pause to breathe
    And love itself have rest.
    George Gordon Noel Byron (1788–1824)