Haumea (dwarf Planet)

Haumea (dwarf Planet)

Haumea, minor-planet designation 136108 Haumea, is a dwarf planet located beyond Neptune's orbit. Just one-third the mass of Pluto, it was discovered in 2004 by a team headed by Mike Brown of Caltech at the Palomar Observatory in the United States and, in 2005, by a team headed by J. L. Ortiz at the Sierra Nevada Observatory in Spain, though the latter claim has been contested and neither is official. On September 17, 2008, it was designated a dwarf planet by the International Astronomical Union (IAU) and named after Haumea, the Hawaiian goddess of childbirth.

Haumea's extreme elongation makes it unique among known dwarf planets. Although its shape has not been directly observed, calculations from its light curve suggest it is an ellipsoid, with its major axis twice as long as its minor. Nonetheless, its gravity is believed sufficient for it to have relaxed into hydrostatic equilibrium, making it a dwarf planet. This elongation, along with its unusually rapid rotation, high density, and high albedo (from a surface of crystalline water ice), are thought to be the results of a giant collision, which left Haumea the largest member of a collisional family that includes several large trans-Neptunian objects (TNOs) and its two known moons.

Read more about Haumea (dwarf Planet):  Classification, Discovery Controversy, Name, Orbit and Rotation, Physical Characteristics, Moons, Collisional Family

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Haumea (dwarf Planet) - Collisional Family
... Haumeais the largest member of its collisional family,a group of astronomical objects with similar physical and orbital characteristics thought to have formed when a larger progenitor was shattered by ... This family is the first to be identified among TNOs and includes‚Ēbeside Haumeaand its moons‚Ē55636)2002 TX300 ą364 km) 24835)1995 SM55 ą174 km) 19308)1996 TO66 ą200 ... that the family were a direct product of the impact that removed Haumeas ice mantle,but a second proposal suggests a more complicated origin that the ...