Hamadryas Baboon

The hamadryas baboon (Papio hamadryas) is a species of baboon from the Old World monkey family. It is the northernmost of all the baboons, being native to the Horn of Africa and the southwestern tip of the Arabian Peninsula. These regions provide habitats with the advantage for this species of fewer natural predators than central or southern Africa where other baboons reside. The hamadryas baboon was a sacred animal to the ancient Egyptians and appears in various roles in ancient Egyptian religion, hence its alternative name of 'sacred baboon'.

Read more about Hamadryas BaboonPhysical Description, Ecology

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Baboon - Taxonomy and Phylogeny
... ursinus (chacma baboon, found in southern Africa), P ... papio (western, red, or Guinea baboon, found in the far western Africa), P ... hamadryas (hamadryas baboon, found in the Horn of Africa and southwestern Arabia), P ...
Hamadryas Baboon - Human Interaction - Status and Conservation
... pastureland represents the main threat to the hamadryas baboon their natural predators (the leopard and the lion) have been nearly exterminated in their range ...
Hamadryas Baboon - Social Life - Group Behavior
... The hamadryas baboon is unusual among baboon and macaque species in that its society is strictly patriarchal ... As in many species, infant baboons are taken by the males as hostages during fights ... While males in most other baboon species are transferred away from their male relatives and into different troops, male hamadryas baboons remain in their natal clans or bands and have ...