The Hadza, or Hadzabe, are an ethnic group in north-central Tanzania, living around Lake Eyasi in the central Rift Valley and in the neighboring Serengeti Plateau. The Hadza number just under 1,000. Some 300–400 Hadza live as hunter-gatherers, much as their ancestors have for thousands or even tens of thousands of years; they are the last full-time hunter-gatherers in Africa.
The Hadza are not closely genetically related to any other people. While traditionally classified with the Khoisan languages, primarily because it has clicks, the Hadza language appears to be an isolate, unrelated to any other. The descendants of Tanzania's aboriginal hunter-gatherer population, they have probably occupied their current territory for several thousand years, with relatively little modification to their basic way of life until the past hundred years.
From the 18th century onwards, however, the Hadza came into increasing contact with farming and herding people entering Hadzaland and its vicinity from elsewhere; their interaction with these peoples were often hostile and caused a period of population decline in the late 19th century. In the late 19th century the Hadza came into contact with Europeans, who produced the first written accounts of them. Since then there have been numerous attempts by successive colonial administrations, the independent Tanzanian government, and foreign missionaries to settle the Hadza, by introducing farming and Christianity. These have largely failed, and many Hadza still pursue virtually the same way of life as their ancestors are described as having in early 20th century accounts. In recent years they have been under pressure from neighbouring groups encroaching on their land, and also affected by tourism and safari hunting.
Other articles related to "hadza people, hadza, people":
... created average faces of an isolated hunter-gatherer tribe in Tanzania in Africa, the Hadza people ... Hadza people rated the average Hadza faces as more attractive than the actual faces in the tribe ... While Europeans also rated average Hadza faces as attractive, the Hadza people did not express any preference for average European faces ...
... He did not bother the Hadza (except for some smaller thefts done secretly at night) ... People greeted him with great respect, and the giant wished them good hunting luck, which was indeed realized ... The giant provided further his good will to people even after he was hurt deliberately by a boy, but he took a fatal revenge on the boy ...
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