Gujarat

Gujarat /ˌɡʊdʒəˈrɑːt/ (Gujarati: ગુજરાત Gujǎrāt ) is a state in western India. It has an area of 75,686 sq mi (196,030 km2) with a coastline of 1,600 km, most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula, and a population in excess of 60 million. The state is bordered by Rajasthan to the north, Maharashtra to the south, Madhya Pradesh to the east, and the Arabian Sea as well as the Pakistani province of Sindh on the west. Its capital city is Gandhinagar, while its largest city is Ahmedabad. Gujarat is home to the Gujarati-speaking people of India.

The state encompasses major sites of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, such as Lothal and Dholavira. Lothal is believed to be one of the world's first ports. Gujarat's coastal cities, chiefly Bharuch and Khambhat, served as ports and trading centers in the Maurya and Gupta empires. Mahatma Gandhi, who led the Indian independence movement against British colonial rule, was a Gujarati. Muhammmad Ali Jinnah, Founding father and first Governor general of Pakistan was from an Gujrati Muslim family. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, independent India's first Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister, was also from Gujarat.

Gujarat played an important role in the economic history of India throughout the history of India. It is one of the most industrialized states of India, and has a per capita GDP above the national average.

Read more about Gujarat:  Etymology, Geography, Sub-divisions, Demographics, Government and Administration, Economy, Language, Culture, Religion, Education, Literature, Flora and Fauna, Tourism

Other articles related to "gujarat":

List Of Beaches In India - West Coast - Gujarat
... The beaches along the western state of Gujarat are Ahmedpur Mandvi Beach Chorwad Beach Diu Beach Umbergam Beach Tithal Beach Mandvi Beach - Mandvi - Kutch ...
Culture Of Gujarat - Religions - Hinduism
... Gujarat is a part of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization ... Many Hindu religious traditions developed in Gujarat ... Gujarat is the birth-place of Lord Shiva's Avatar Lakulisa (Staff-God) ...
Shaikh Gadai Kamboh - Early Career
... Shah Suri near Kanawdi in 1540 AD, Shaikh Gadai went to Gujarat ... consequent troubles, Bairam Khan, an important Turkoman noble of emperor Humayun, took refuge in Gujarat where he was rendered a great help by Shaikh Gadai ... On his return, he remained in Gujarat for a while where he was joined by his numerous Murids and became famous in Gujarat for his opulent sessions of Sama ...
Sosyo
... and marketed mainly in the states of Gujarat and Maharashtra, India ... called Whisky No, to attract alcoholics in the dry state of Gujarat, India ... bottles of Sosyo are consumed every year, mainly in Surat and parts of Gujarat and Maharashtra where bottling plants are located ...
Gujarat - Transport - Road
... Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation (GSRTC) is the primary body responsible for providing the bus services within the state of Gujarat and also with the neighboring states ... providing bus services and public transit within Gujarat and to the other states in India ... connects major cities, smaller towns and villages within Gujarat ...