The Green Knight is a character in the 14th-century Arthurian poem Sir Gawain and the Green Knight and the related work The Greene Knight. His true name is revealed to be Bercilak (or Berkilak) de Hautdesert in Sir Gawain, while The Greene Knight names him "Bredbeddle". The Green Knight later appears as one of Arthur's greatest champions in the fragmentary ballad "King Arthur and King Cornwall", again under the name "Bredbeddle". In Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Bercilak is transformed into the Green Knight by Morgan le Fay, a traditional adversary of King Arthur, in order to test his court. In The Greene Knight he is transformed by a different woman for the same purpose. In both stories he sends his wife to seduce Gawain as a further test. "King Arthur and King Cornwall" portrays him as an exorcist and one of the most powerful knights in Arthur's court.
In Sir Gawain, the Green Knight is so called because his skin is in fact green. The meaning of his greenness has puzzled scholars since the discovery of the poem, ranging from views that he is some version of the Green Man, a vegetation being in medieval art, to a recollection of a figure from Celtic mythology, to a Christian symbol, to the Devil himself. The medieval scholar C. S. Lewis said the character was "as vivid and concrete as any image in literature." J. R. R. Tolkien called him the "most difficult character" to interpret in the introduction to his edition of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. His major role in Arthurian literature includes being a judge and tester of knights, and as such the other characters see him as friendly but terrifying and somewhat mysterious.
Other articles related to "green knight, knight, green":
... In the Gawain poem, when the Knight is beheaded, he tells Gawain to meet him at the Green Chapel, saying that all nearby know where it is ... The final meeting at the Green Chapel has led many scholars to draw religious connections, with the Knight fulfilling a priestly role with Gawain as a penitent ... The Green Knight ultimately, in this interpretation, judges Gawain to be a worthy knight, and lets him live, playing a priest, God, and judge all at once ...
... An evil variant on Sir Gawain from the story Sir Gawain and the Green Knight ... The Green Knight A good variant on the Green Knight from the story Sir Gawain and the Green Knight ... Hollyjack A daurog or mythical variant on a Green Jack, whose bodily form is holly branches and leaves ...
... Valiant The Legend of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight is a 1984 film starring Miles O'Keeffe, Trevor Howard, Lila Kedrova, Cyrielle Clair, Leigh Lawson, Peter Cushing, and Sean Connery ... is loosely based on the poem Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, written in the late 14th century, but the narrative differs substantially ... His first try was Gawain and the Green Knight, starring singer Murray Head, and released in 1972 ...
... to save her sister Lyonesse (or Lyonorr) from the Red Knight of the Red Lands ... defeats the impressive Sir Perarde, Black Knight, and takes his armor and horse ... He then meets Sir Pertolope, the Green Knight, who mistakes him for his brother, the Black Knight ...
... A knight on horseback storms through the door and the crowd falls silent as the knight, all in green and carrying a large axe, walks up to the throne ... The knight tells Gawain that he has one chance to behead him, but then the knight gets to return the favor ... Gawain beheads the knight but then the knight's torso walks up and grabs the head and puts it back on his body ...
Famous quotes containing the words knight and/or green:
“The Knight of the Doleful Countenance.”
—Miguel De Cervantes (15471616)
“by Spoon Rivergathering many a shell,
And many a flower and medicinal weed
Shouting to the wooded hills, singing to the green valleys.
At ninety-six I had lived enough, that is all,
And passed to a sweet repose.”
—Edgar Lee Masters (18691950)