Greek Literature - Ancient Greek Literature (before AD 350)

Ancient Greek Literature (before AD 350)

Ancient Greek literature refers to literature written in Ancient Greek from the oldest surviving written works in the Greek language until approximately the fifth century AD and the rise of the Byzantine Empire. The Greek language arose from the proto-Indo-European language, though roughly one-third of its words cannot be derived from various reconstructions of the tongue. A number of alphabets and syllabaries had been used to render Greek, but surviving Greek literature was written in a Phoenician-derived alphabet that arose primarily in Greek Ionia and was fully adopted by Athens by the fifth century BC.

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Ancient Greek Literature (before AD 350) - Hellenistic - Roman Age
... in the period after Alexander were Timaeus,Polybius,Diodorus Siculus,Dionysius of Halicarnassus,Appian of Alexandria,Arrian,and Plutarch ... Eratosthenes of Alexandria,who died about 194 BC,wrote on astronomy and geography,but his work is known mainly from later summaries ... The physician Galen,in the history of ancient science,is the most significant person in medicine after Hippocrates,who laid the foundation of medicine in the 5th century ...

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