The title grand duke is used in Western Europe and particularly in Germanic countries for provincial sovereigns. Grand duke is of a protocolary rank below a king but higher than a sovereign duke. Grand duke is also the usual and established translation of grand prince in languages which do not differentiate between princes who are children of a monarch (e.g. German Prinz) and ruling princes (e.g. German Fürst). English and French also use grand duke in this way. The title grand duke as translation of grand prince and the proper title grand duke have clearly different meanings and a separate background. Compare with the article grand prince. The territory of a grand duke is referred to as a grand duchy.
The feminine form of grand duke is grand duchess.
Translations for grand duke include: in Latin, magnus dux; in Spanish, gran duque; in Russian, великий князь (velikiy kniaz); in German, Großherzog, Italian gran duca; in French, grand-duc; in Portuguese, grão-duque; in Finnish, suurherttua; in Polish, wielki książę; in Hungarian, nagyherceg; in Swedish, storhertig; in Dutch, groothertog; in Danish, storhertug; in Lithuanian, didysis kunigaikštis; in Czech velkovévoda or velkokníže.
Other articles related to "grand duke, duke, grand":
... almost continuously between 1492 and 1582, the Grand Duke needed more tax revenues to finance the army and had to call the Seimas more frequently ... The Seimas could petition the Grand Duke to pass certain laws ... The Duke usually granted the request as he needed nobility's support and cooperation ...
... an appointment for Wolfgang by applying to Grand Duke Leopold I of Tuscany, the Empress's third son ... He waited through most of January and all of February for the Grand Duke's reply ... It is not known whether the Grand Duke was influenced by his mother's opinion of the Mozart family, but his rejection effectively ended Leopold's hope of an Italian appointment for Wolfgang ...
... River) was the eldest son Algirdas, Grand Duke of Lithuania, and his first wife Maria of Vitebsk ... He was Duke of Pskov (through his deputy Yuri, 1342–1348) and Polotsk (1342–1387) ... As the eldest son of the Grand Duke, Andrei claimed his right to the throne after his father's death in 1377 ...
... Most often, a reigning grand duke, and in some families also a hereditary grand duke, were styled as "Royal Highness" ... Other more junior members of the families generally bore the lower style of "Grand Ducal Highness" ... For instance, prior to her marriage, Empress Alexandra of Russia was known as "Her Grand Ducal Highness Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine" Ihre Großherzogliche Hoheit Alix ...
... Paranoia of a Russian invasion subsided in 1888, when Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich arrived in the Colony on board the corvette Rynda as part of celebrations of the Colonial centenary ... of New South Wales, sent a coach to bring the Grand Duke to Government House ... to entertain the public, and the Australian media made the Grand Duke the central focus of the events ...
Famous quotes containing the words duke and/or grand:
“That very knowing,
The Duke of Plaza-Toro!”
—Sir William Schwenck Gilbert (18361911)
“There arent any good, brave causes left. If the big bang does come, and we all get killed off, it wont be in aid of the old-fashioned grand design. Itll just be for the Brave New-nothing-very-much-thank-you. About as pointless and inglorious as stepping in front of a bus. No, theres nothing left for it, me boy, but to let yourself be butchered by the women.”
—John Osborne (19291994)