God in Judaism - YHWH


יהוה (YHWH) is known as the Tetragrammaton—literally, "the four letters". Jews traditionally do not pronounce it, and instead refer to God as HaShem, literally "the Name". In prayer this name is substituted with Adonai, meaning "Master" or "Lord".

In Christian tradition, many scholars have suggested that the vocalization as Hebrew: יְהֹוָה, Yehovah Yəhōwāh combines the consonants YHWH with the vowels of "Adonai" as a commemorative mark to prevent the reader from pronouncing the proper name of God YHWH, which is forbidden for any Jew in times after the destruction of the Jerusalem Temple. Therefore the mis-pronunciation as Yəhōwāh really is a hybrid form of notation, most likely developed in the High Middle Ages by masoretic scholars. In some Christian theology it is suggested that it may have existed in magical traditions outside Judaism, in Late Antiquity.

However some scholars argue that the masoretic pronunciation may very well reflect an old tradition, given that the vowels of "Jehovah" and "Adonai" are in fact not exactly identical and many theophoric Hebrew names contain "Yeho" (the first two syllables of "Yəhōwāh" in Hebrew) at the beginning of the name; such as Yehoshua (Joshua), Yehonatan (Jonathan) and Yehoshafat (Jehoshaphat). This suggests that the masoretic vowel points for YHWH were also used in ancient Hebrew names and is therefore likely to be to proper vowel points of the name .

Read more about this topic:  God In Judaism

Other articles related to "yhwh":

Song Of The Sea - Translation
1 Then sang Moses and the children of Israel this song unto YHWH, and spoke, saying I will sing unto YHWH, for He is highly exalted the horse and ... {ס} 2 YHWH is my strength and song, and He is become my salvation this is my God, and I will glorify Him my father's God, and I will exalt Him ... {ס} 3 YHWH is a man of war, YHWH is His name ...
Tetragrammaton - Usages and Translations - Septuagint
... around the 2nd century CE, consistently use Κυριος ("Lord"), where the Hebrew has YHWH, corresponding to substituting Adonay for YHWH in reading the original in books written in ... However, older fragments contain the name YHWH ... Kyrios is used to substitute the Name YHWH and the Tetragrammaton appeared in the original text, but Christian copyists removed it ...
Seven Names Of God Prayer - Notes - Seven Names of God in Christianity
... YHWH-Yireh — "The Lord will provide" (Genesis 2213-14) YHWH-Rapha — "The Lord that healeth" (Exodus 1526) YHWH-Niss"i — "The Lord our Banner" (Exodus 178-15) YHWH-Shalom — "The Lord our Peace" (Judges ...
Heavenly Host - In The Tanakh (Hebrew Bible)
... or sabaoth ("hosts" or "armies", Hebrew צבאות) as YHWH Elohe Tzevaot ("YHWH God of Hosts"), Elohe Tzevaot ("God of Hosts"), Adonai YHWH Tzevaot ("Lord YHWH of Hosts") or, most frequently, YHWH ...
... Curse ye Meroz, said the angel of YHWH, curse ye bitterly the inhabitants thereof because they came not to the help of YHWH, to the help of YHWH against the mighty ...