Glossary of Textile Manufacturing - A

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Absorbency
A measure of how much amount of water a fabric can absorb.
Acetate
Acetate is a synthetic fiber.
Acrylic
Acrylic fiber is a synthetic polymer fiber that contains at least 85% acrylonitrile.
Aida cloth
Aida cloth is a coarse open-weave fabric traditionally used for cross-stitch.
Alnage
Alnage is the official supervision of the shape and quality of manufactured woolen cloth.
Alpaca
Alpaca is a name given to two distinct things:
  • The wool of the Peruvian alpaca.
  • A style of fabric originally made from alpaca fiber but now frequently made from a similar type of fiber.
Angora
Angora refers to the hair of the Angora rabbit, or the fabric made from Angora rabbit fur. (Fabric made from angora goat is mohair.)
Appliqué
Appliqué is a sewing technique in which fabric shapes, lace or trim, are sewn onto a foundation fabric to create designs.
Aramid
Aramid fiber is a fire-resistant and strong synthetic fiber.
Argyle
An argyle pattern is one containing diamonds in a sort of diagonal checkerboard pattern.

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