Gestalt Psychology - Gestalt Views in Psychology

Gestalt Views in Psychology

Gestalt psychologists find it is important to think of problems as a whole. Max Wertheimer considered thinking to happen in two ways: productive and reproductive.

Productive thinking is solving a problem with insight.

This is a quick insightful unplanned response to situations and environmental interaction.

Reproductive thinking is solving a problem with previous experiences and what is already known. (1945/1959).

This is a very common thinking. For example, when a person is given several segments of information, he/she deliberately examines the relationships among its parts, analyzes their purpose, concept, and totality, he/she reaches the "aha!" moment, using what is already known. Understanding in this case happens intentionally by reproductive thinking.

Another gestalt psychologist, Perkins, believes insight deals with three processes:

  1. Unconscious leap in thinking.
  2. The increased amount of speed in mental processing.
  3. The amount of short-circuiting which occurs in normal reasoning.

Views going against the gestalt psychology are:

  1. Nothing-special view
  2. Neo-gestalt view
  3. The Three-Process View

Gestalt psychology should not be confused with the gestalt therapy of Fritz Perls, which is only peripherally linked to gestalt psychology. A strictly gestalt psychology-based therapeutic method is Gestalt Theoretical Psychotherapy, developed by the German gestalt psychologist and psychotherapist Hans-J├╝rgen Walter.

Read more about this topic:  Gestalt Psychology

Other articles related to "gestalt views in psychology, gestalt":

Gestalt Psychologists - Gestalt Views in Psychology - Fuzzy-trace Theory
... a dual process model of memory and reasoning, was also derived from Gestalt Psychology ... The effects seen in Gestalt psychology can be attributed to the way we encode information as gist ...

Famous quotes containing the words psychology and/or views:

    I was now at a university in New York, a professor of existential psychology with the not inconsiderable thesis that magic, dread, and the perception of death were the roots of motivation.
    Norman Mailer (b. 1923)

    Your views are now my own.
    Marvin Cohen, U.S. author and humorist.

    In conversation, after having taken a strong position in an argument and heard a complete refutation of his position.