Gestalt Psychology

Gestalt psychology or gestaltism (German: Gestalt – "essence or shape of an entity's complete form") is a theory of mind and brain of the Berlin School; the operational principle of gestalt psychology is that the brain is holistic, parallel, and analog, with self-organizing tendencies. The principle maintains that the human eye sees objects in their entirety before perceiving their individual parts. Gestalt psychology tries to understand the laws of our ability to acquire and maintain stable percepts in a noisy world. Gestalt psychologists stipulate that perception is the product of complex interactions among various stimuli. Contrary to the behaviorist approach to understanding the elements of cognitive processes, gestalt psychologists sought to understand their organization (Carlson and Heth, 2010). The gestalt effect is the form-generating capability of our senses, particularly with respect to the visual recognition of figures and whole forms instead of just a collection of simple lines and curves. In psychology, gestaltism is often opposed to structuralism. The phrase "The whole is greater than the sum of the parts" is often used when explaining gestalt theory, though this is a mistranslation of Kurt Koffka's original phrase, "The whole is other than the sum of the parts". Gestalt theory allows for the breakup of elements from the whole situation into what it really is.

Read more about Gestalt PsychologyOrigins, Theoretical Framework and Methodology, Support From Cybernetics and Neurology, Properties, Prägnanz, Gestalt Laws of Grouping, Gestalt Views in Psychology, Uses in Human–computer Interaction, Criticism

Other articles related to "gestalt, gestalt psychology, psychology":

Gestalt Psychologists - Origins - Gestalt Therapy
... The founders of Gestalt therapy, Fritz and Laura Perls, had worked with Kurt Goldstein, a neurologist who had applied principles of Gestalt psychology to the functioning of the organism ... Laura Perls had been a Gestalt psychologist before she became a psychoanalyst and before she began developing Gestalt therapy together with Fritz Perls ... The extent to which Gestalt psychology influenced Gestalt therapy is disputed, however ...
Gestalt Psychologists
... Gestalt psychology or gestaltism (German Gestalt – "essence or shape of an entity's complete form") is a theory of mind and brain of the Berlin School the ... Gestalt psychology tries to understand the laws of our ability to acquire and maintain stable percepts in a noisy world ... Gestalt psychologists stipulate that perception is the product of complex interactions among various stimuli ...
Gestalt Psychology - Criticism
... In some scholarly communities, such as cognitive psychology and computational neuroscience, gestalt theories of perception are criticized for being descriptive rather ... For example, Bruce, Green Georgeson conclude the following regarding gestalt theory's influence on the study of visual perception The physiological theory of the gestaltists has fallen ...
Gestalt Psychologists - Gestalt Views in Psychology
... Gestalt psychologists find it is important to think of problems as a whole ... Another gestalt psychologist, Perkins, believes insight deals with three processes Unconscious leap in thinking ... Views going against the gestalt psychology are Nothing-special view Neo-gestalt view The Three-Process View Gestalt psychology should not be confused with the gestalt therapy of Fritz Perls, which is only ...

Famous quotes containing the word psychology:

    Views of women, on one side, as inwardly directed toward home and family and notions of men, on the other, as outwardly striving toward fame and fortune have resounded throughout literature and in the texts of history, biology, and psychology until they seem uncontestable. Such dichotomous views defy the complexities of individuals and stifle the potential for people to reveal different dimensions of themselves in various settings.
    Sara Lawrence Lightfoot (20th century)