Georg Büchner - Writing Career

Writing Career

While Büchner continued his studies in Gießen he established a secret society dedicated to the revolutionary cause. With the help of the evangelical theologian Friedrich Ludwig Weidig, he published the leaflet Der Hessische Landbote, a revolutionary pamphlet criticizing social grievances in the Grand Duchy of Hesse. The authorities charged them with treason and issued a warrant of apprehension. While Weidig was arrested, tortured and died imprisoned in Darmstadt, Büchner fled across the border to Strasbourg where he wrote most of his literary work and translated two plays by Victor Hugo, Lucrèce Borgia and Marie Tudor. Two years later, his dissertation, "Mémoire sur le Système Nerveux du Barbeaux (Cyprinus barbus L.)" was published in Paris and Strasbourg. He was influenced by the utopian communist theories of François-Noël Babeuf and Claude Henri de Saint-Simon. In October 1836, after receiving his doctorate and being appointed by the University of Zurich as a lecturer in anatomy, Büchner relocated to Zurich where he spent his final months writing and teaching until he died of typhus at the age of twenty-three.

In 1835, his first play, Dantons Tod (Danton's Death), about the French revolution, was published, followed by Lenz (first partly published in Karl Gutzkow's and Wienberg's Deutsche Revue, which was quickly banned); Lenz is a novella based on the life of the Sturm und Drang poet Jakob Michael Reinhold Lenz. In 1836 his second play, Leonce and Lena portrayed the nobility. His unfinished and most famous play, Woyzeck, was notable as a literary work because the main characters were members of the working class. Published posthumously, it became the basis for Alban Berg's opera Wozzeck which premiered in 1925.

By the 1870s, Büchner was nearly forgotten in Germany when Karl Emil Franzos edited his works; these later became a major influence on naturalism and expressionism. Arnold Zweig described Lenz, Büchner's only work of prose, as the "beginning of modern European prose".

Read more about this topic:  Georg Büchner

Other articles related to "writing, career, writing career":

Kingsley Amis - Literary Work
... criticism, short stories, food and drink writing, anthologies, and a number of novels in genres such as science fiction and mystery ... His career initially developed in a pattern which was the inverse of that followed by his close friend Philip Larkin ... novels Amis, on the other hand, originally wished to be a poet, and turned to writing novels only after publishing several volumes of verse ...
John Updike - Career As A Writer
... as a full staff writer for only two years, writing "Talk of the Town" columns and submitting poetry and short stories to the magazine ... Updike's career and reputation were nurtured and expanded by his long association with The New Yorker, which published him frequently throughout his lifetime of ... After writing Rabbit is Rich, Updike published The Witches of Eastwick (1984), a playful novel about witches living in Rhode Island ...
Louise Murphy - Writing Career
... She began writing novels in 1980 when she wrote her first book (a children’s book), My Garden A Journal for Gardening around the Year, a journal that has weekly entries about ... After writing her first book, she continued writing and also continued her teaching ... After writing The Sea Within, she went on to become a teacher of novel writing at the Acalanes Adult Education in Lafayette, California from 1986-91 ...

Famous quotes containing the words writing career, career and/or writing:

    The writing career is not a romantic one. The writer’s life may be colorful, but his work itself is rather drab.
    Mary Roberts Rinehart (1876–1958)

    It is a great many years since at the outset of my career I had to think seriously what life had to offer that was worth having. I came to the conclusion that the chief good for me was freedom to learn, think, and say what I pleased, when I pleased. I have acted on that conviction... and though strongly, and perhaps wisely, warned that I should probably come to grief, I am entirely satisfied with the results of the line of action I have adopted.
    Thomas Henry Huxley (1825–95)

    I am writing for myself and strangers. This is the only
    way that I can do it. Everybody is a real one to me,
    everybody is like some one else too to me. No one of
    them that I know can want to know it and so I write
    for myself and strangers.
    Gertrude Stein (1874–1946)