The Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM) is the United Nations Development Programme's attempt to measure the extent of gender inequality across the globe's countries, based on estimates of women's relative economic income, participations in high-paying positions with economic power, and access to professional and parliamentary positions.
Other articles related to "gender empowerment measure, gender, measure, empowerment":
... females which would provide a more straightforward picture of gender inequality (first suggested by Halis Akder in 1994) ... Another suggestion is to create a Gender-Gap Measure ... In 2003 Charmes and Wieringa came up with the Women's Empowerment Matrix which considers six spheres (physical, socio-cultural, religious, political ...
... The Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM) is considerably more specialized than the GDI ... The GEM focuses particularly on the relative empowerment of women in a given country ... The empowerment of women is measured by evaluating women’s employment in high-ranking economic positions, seats in parliament, and share of household income ...
Famous quotes containing the words measure, gender and/or empowerment:
“The measure discriminates definitely against products which make up what has been universally considered a program of safe farming. The bill upholds as ideals of American farming the men who grow cotton, corn, rice, swine, tobacco, or wheat and nothing else. These are to be given special favors at the expense of the farmer who has toiled for years to build up a constructive farming enterprise to include a variety of crops and livestock.”
—Calvin Coolidge (18721933)
“Most women of [the WW II] generation have but one image of good motherhoodthe one their mothers embodied. . . . Anything done for the sake of the children justified, even ennobled the mothers role. Motherhood was tantamount to martyrdom during that unique era when children were gods. Those who appeared to put their own needs first were castigated and shunnedthe ultimate damnation for a gender trained to be wholly dependent on the acceptance and praise of others.”
—Melinda M. Marshall (20th century)
“Power can be taken, but not given. The process of the taking is empowerment in itself.”
—Gloria Steinem (b. 1934)