Fort Mercer was one of two forts constructed in 1777, on the Delaware River during the American Revolutionary War, by the Continental Army. Built under the command of George Washington, its purpose was to block the approach to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Fort Mifflin, on the Pennsylvania side, and Fort Mercer, on the New Jersey side. Fort Mercer was located in what is now National Park, New Jersey. A park, monument, and museum exist today on the site of the fort. The fort was named in honor of Brigadier General Hugh Mercer who had died earlier that year at the Battle of Princeton.
On October 22 of that year, in what is known as the Battle of Red Bank, an attack by 900 Hessian troops, serving under British Major General William Howe, who then occupied Philadelphia, was repelled, with heavy losses on the Hessian side, including the death of their commander, Colonel Carl Emil Kurt von Donop, by the 600 Continental defenders under Colonel Christopher Greene. After the later loss of Fort Mifflin, Fort Mercer was abandoned without a fight when Lord Charles Cornwallis landed 2,000 British troops nearby on November 18, 1777.
Other articles related to "fort, fort mercer":
... The Siege of Fort Mifflin or Siege of Mud Island Fort from September 26 to November 16, 1777 saw British land batteries commanded by Captain John Montresor and a British ... the wounded Smith's successor, Major Simeon Thayer, evacuated the fort on the night of November 15 and the British occupied the place the following morning ... Owing to a shift of the river, Fort Mifflin is currently located on the north bank of the Delaware adjacent to Philadelphia International Airport ...
... Frustrated by the failure to capture Fort Mercer, Howe ordered the Hessian regiments withdrawn from New Jersey while he made plans to attack Fort Mifflin by a massive artillery bombardment ... the British opened a full-scale bombardment of Fort Mifflin which lasted for five days ... small floating batteries, the Vigilant and the Fury, also joined the bombardment to rake Fort Mifflin at close range ...
... A Hessian force under Colonel Carl von Donop attacked Fort Mercer on October 22 in the Battle of Red Bank ... under Colonel Christopher Greene had arrived at the fort only on October 11 after leaving Peekskill, New York on September 29 ... Regiment reached Red Bank a week later and Major Thayer was sent with 150 soldiers to help garrison Fort Mifflin ...
Famous quotes containing the words mercer and/or fort:
“Were after the same rainbows end waitin round the bend, my Huckleberry friend.”
—Johnny Mercer (19091976)
“There was a deserted log camp here, apparently used the previous winter, with its hovel or barn for cattle.... It was a simple and strong fort erected against the cold, and suggested what valiant trencher work had been done there.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)