France has maintained its status as key power in Western Europe because of its size, location, strong economy, membership in European organizations, strong military posture and energetic diplomacy. France generally has worked to strengthen the global economic and political influence of the EU and its role in common European defense and collective security.
France supports the development of a European Security and Defence Identity (ESDI) as the foundation of efforts to enhance security in the European Union. France cooperates closely with Germany and Spain in this endeavor.
|Country||Formal Relations Began||Notes|
|Albania||See Foreign relations of Albania
Autonomous Albanian Republic of Korçë
|Austria||See Austria–France relations|
|Armenia||See Armenia–France relations
France and Armenia have a close relationship founded on historical contacts, shared values of democracy and human rights, substantial commercial links, and a keen interest in each other's culture.
|Azerbaijan||See Azerbaijan–France relations
Azerbaijan has an embassy in Paris. France has an embassy in Baku.
|Belarus||See Foreign relations of Belarus|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||See Foreign relations of Bosnia and Herzegovina
|Bulgaria||1879-07-08||See Bulgaria–France relations
French president Nicolas Sarkozy, has been essential for the liberation of the Bulgarian nurse in the HIV trial in Libya.
|Croatia||See Foreign relations of Croatia|
|Cyprus||See Foreign relations of Cyprus|
|Czech Republic||See Czech Republic–France|
|Denmark||See Denmark–France relations|
|Estonia||See Foreign relations of Estonia|
|Finland||See Foreign relations of Finland|
See France–Georgia relations
|Germany||See France–Germany relations
Franco-German cooperation is widely seen as the engine of European integration.
|Holy See||See France–Holy See relations
Holy See–France relations are very ancient and have existed since the fifth century AD, and have been durable to the extent that France is sometimes called the eldest daughter of the Church.
See France–Hungary relations
|Italy||See France–Italy relations|
|Kosovo||2008-02-18||See French–Kosovan relations
When Kosovo declared its independence from Serbia in 17 February 2008, France became one of the first countries to announce officially about recognition of sovereign Kosovo. France has an embassy in Pristina. Kosovo has an embassy in Paris.
|Moldova||See France–Moldova relations
|Poland||See France–Poland relations
Polish-French relations date several centuries, although they became really relevant only with times of French Revolution and reign of Napoleon I. Poles have been allies of Napoleon; large Polish community settled in France in the 19th century, and Poles and French were also allies during the interwar period. The official relations, having cooled down during the Cold War, have improved since the fall of communism. Currently both countries are part of the European Union and NATO.
|Romania||1396||See France–Romania relations|
|Russia||See France–Russia relations
Right after the breakup of the USSR, bilateral relations between France and Russia were initially warm. On 7 February 1992, France signed a bilateral treaty, recognizing Russia as a successor of the USSR. As described on the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the bilateral relations between France and Russia remain longstanding, and remain strong to this day.
|Serbia||1879-01-18||See France–Serbia relations
|Switzerland||1798||See Switzerland – France relations|
|Turkey||See French–Turkish relations
|United Kingdom||See France – United Kingdom relations
France and Scotland were military allies in the late Middle Ages through the Auld Alliance. From the Middle Ages onwards, France and England were often enemies, and occasionally allies. However, in the beginning of the 20th century a policy of entente cordiale (cordial agreement) was started. France and the United Kingdom became allies, and despite occasional tensions (such as: the perception among some in France that the British abandoned France in 1940; see Battle of France and Attack on Mers-el-Kébir), remain so to the present day.
A chronic point of contention is the future of the European Union. Under French president Charles de Gaulle France opposed on several occasions the UK joining the European Economic Community (as the EU was then called). De Gaulle argued that the UK had extensive alliances outside Europe, especially with the United States, and was famously suspicious of its European neighbours. After the UK joined the EEC, British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher argued for and won a reduction of its contributions to the EEC budget. As Prime Minister, Tony Blair expressed scepticism at French economic policies, but forged an alliance with President Nicolas Sarkozy.
Read more about this topic: Foreign Relations Of France
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—William Dean Howells (18371920)
“The American is said to become full-flavored, and in time a most all-round man, through the polish which Europe can impart.”
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