Foreign Exchange Certificate

A foreign exchange certificate, sometimes abbreviated to FEC, is a type of currency. Foreign exchange certificates are sometimes used by governments as a surrogate for a national currency, where the national currency is usually subject to exchange controls or is not convertible. Most examples of foreign exchange certificate have an exchange rate higher than the national currency, being either pegged to a hard currency, or their exchange rate determined by the central bank.

Some countries which have employed FECs in the past include:

  • Soviet Union
  • China
  • Myanmar (until March 2013)
  • East Germany (forum checks, pegged to the West German Deutsche Mark)
  • Ghana - it was illegal to import and export Ghanaian cedi banknotes (around 1980)
  • North Korea
  • Cuba (Today's convertible peso, to an extent, is a form of FEC)
  • Czechoslovakia (Tuzex)
  • Bulgaria (Corecom)
  • Poland

Other articles related to "foreign, foreign exchange":

Kuomintang - History - Chiang Kai-shek Assumes Leadership
... Chinese forces stormed the consulates of America, Britain, and Japan, looting nearly every foreign property and almost assassinating the Japanese consul ... Standard Scrip in August 1948, outlawing private ownership of gold, silver, and foreign exchange, collecting all such precious metals and foreign exchange from the people and issuing the Gold Standard Scrip ...

Famous quotes containing the words certificate, foreign and/or exchange:

    God gave the righteous man a certificate entitling him to food and raiment, but the unrighteous man found a facsimile of the same in God’s coffers, and appropriated it, and obtained food and raiment like the former. It is one of the most extensive systems of counterfeiting that the world has seen.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

    The American who has been confined, in his own country, to the sight of buildings designed after foreign models, is surprised on entering York Minster or St. Peter’s at Rome, by the feeling that these structures are imitations also,—faint copies of an invisible archetype.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)

    I sometimes feel a great ennui, profound emptiness, doubts which sneer in my face in the midst of the most spontaneous satisfactions. Well, I would not exchange all that for anything, because it seems to me, in my conscience, that I am doing my duty, that I am obeying a superior fatality, that I am following the Good and that I am in the Right.
    Gustave Flaubert (1821–1880)