As airplanes became even larger requiring more engines and complex systems to operate, the workload on the two pilots became excessive during certain critical parts of the flight regime, notably takeoffs and landings. Piston engines on airplanes required a great deal of attention throughout the flight with their multitude of gauges and indicators. Inattention or a missed indication could result in engine or propeller failure, and quite possibly cause loss of the airplane if prompt corrective action was not taken. In order to dedicate a person to monitoring the engines and other critical flight systems, the position of Flight Engineer was created. The Flight Engineer did not actually fly the airplane; instead, the Flight Engineer had his own specialized control panel allowing him to monitor and control the various aircraft systems. The Flight Engineer is therefore an integrated member of the flight deck crew who works in close coordination with the two pilots during all phases of flight. The Flight Engineer position was usually placed on the main flight deck just aft of the pilot and copilot. The flight engineer role was earlier referred to as the flight mechanic on the four engine commercial seaplanes like the Sikorsky S-42, Martin M-130 and the Boeing 314. The first commercial land airplane to include a flight engineering station was the Boeing 307 but only ten were built before the onset of World War II; during the war the Avro Lancaster bomber required a flight engineer. The first military operation involving Flight Engineers was in February 1941 on a Short Stirling, and was the first four-engined bomber raid of the war by the RAF.
Other articles related to "flight engineer, flight engineers, flight, engineers":
... in digital technology have eliminated the necessity of Flight Engineers on modern airliners ... The same general logic has led to the removal of the Flight Engineer position in many modern military aircraft ... Flight Engineers are a rare sight today however, older airplanes still flying today such as early model Boeing 747s, the Boeing 727, the Boeing E-3 Sentry, the Lockheed L-1011, the McDonnell Douglas DC-10 and ...
... Williams 1980 Mission Specialist on STS-101 Flight Engineer of ISS Expeditions 13 and 21, Commander of Expedition 22 Wheelock, Douglas H.Douglas H ... Wheelock 1983 Mission Specialist on STS-120 Flight Engineer of ISS Expedition 24 and Commander of Expedition 25 Kopra, Timothy L.Timothy L ... Kopra 1985 Flight Engineer of International Space Station Expeditions 19 and 20 Kimbrough, Robert S.Robert S ...
... He served as flight engineer ... Kuipers' second mission was ISS Expedition 30 (as Flight Engineer 4) and he will also participate in ISS Expedition 31 (as Flight Engineer 1) ...
... On Flight Day 10, the crew of Atlantis wrapped up the transfer work inside the Raffaello MPLM ... During the Mission Status Briefing, Space Station lead Flight Director Chris Edelen said that "They (crew) reached a key milestone today in that the Raffaello logistics module was closed out, all the cargo that (cam ... Flight Engineer Ron Garan removed the broken spectrometer and moved it to Atlantis's middeck for return ...
... Robinson served as backup flight engineer for the International Space Station Expedition 4 ... On August 3, 2005, as a Mission Specialist (and Flight Engineer) on STS-114, the first Return to Flight mission following the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster, Robinson became ... two protruding gap fillers on Discovery's heat shield, after engineers determined they might pose a danger upon re-entry ...
Famous quotes containing the words engineer and/or flight:
“A good scientist is a person with original ideas. A good engineer is a person who makes a design that works with as few original ideas as possible. There are no prima donnas in engineering.”
—Freeman Dyson (b. 1923)
“No Ravens wing can stretch the flight so far
As the torn bandrols of Napoleons war.
Choose then your climate, fix your best abode,
Hell make you deserts and hell bring you blood.
How could you fear a dearth? have not mankind,
Tho slain by millions, millions left behind?
Has not conscription still the power to weild
Her annual faulchion oer the human field?
A faithful harvester!”
—Joel Barlow (17541812)