The first declension is a category of mostly feminine nouns in Latin and Ancient Greek with the defining feature of a long ā (either analysed as a part of the stem or case-ending). In Greek grammar, it is also called the alpha declension, since its forms have the letter α, at least in the plural.
In Latin and Greek grammar, the first declension is analyzed as a thematic declension. But its lack of a Proto-Indo-European thematic vowel (o or e) and of any nominative singular ending (ordinarily -s or -os) doesn't neatly place it within either of the Proto-Indo-European nominal categories, thematic and athematic. Therefore, it is assumed to be a newer formation: a suffix based on the neuter plural ending *-(e)h₂, forming a collective noun.
Other articles related to "first declension, declension":
... This declension consists of nouns that end in -a ... The model noun for this declension is lipa, lime (or linden) tree ... Feminine First (-a) Declension Number Case Singular Dual Plural Nominative (1) lipa lipi lipe Genitive (2) lipe lip lip Dative (3) lipi lipama lipam Accusative (4) lipo lipi lipe Locative (5) (pri/o) lipi lipah ...
... The feminine of first- and second-declension adjectives uses the -ā class of the first declension -os, -ā/ē, -on First- and third-declension adjectives, including participles in -nt-, use the -(y ...
Famous quotes containing the word declension:
“And from the first declension of the flesh
I learnt mans tongue, to twist the shapes of thoughts
Into the stony idiom of the brain....”
—Dylan Thomas (19141953)