Field artillery is a category of mobile artillery used to support armies in the field. These weapons are specialized for mobility, tactical proficiency, long range, short range and extremely long range target engagement.
Until the early 20th century, field artillery were also known as foot artillery, for while the guns were pulled by beasts of burden (often horses), the gun crews would usually march on foot, thus providing fire support mainly to the infantry. This was in contrast to horse artillery, whose emphasis on speed while supporting cavalry units necessitated lighter guns and crews riding on horseback.
Whereas horse artillery has been superseded by self-propelled artillery, field artillery has survived to this day both in name and mission, albeit with motor vehicles towing the guns, carrying the crews and transporting the ammunition. Modern artillery has also advanced to rapidly deployable wheeled and tracked vehicles and precision delivered munitions capable of striking targets at ranges between 15 and 300 kilometers. There exists to date no other singularly effective all-weather fire delivery system which rivals the modern field artillery.
Read more about Field Artillery: Types, Field Artillery Team, Counter Battery, Parent Battalion and U.S. Army Brigade/USMC Regimental FDCs, Major Artillery Battles
Other articles related to "field artillery, field, artillery":
... Gun Type 75 ... mm Mountain Gun Type 10 ... cm Mountain Gun Type 75 ... mm Cavalry Gun 7 cm Field Gun Type 75 ... mm Field gun Type 75 ... mm Field Gun Type 75 ... mm Field Gun Type 75 ... mm Field Gun Krupp ...
... See also Field artillery in the American Civil War The "canon obusier de 12", introduced in the French Army in 1853, an early type of "canon obusier", or gun howitzer developed ...
... Force consisted of 126th Infantry Regimental Combat Team 126th Infantry Regiment 120th Field Artillery Battalion Company A, 114th Engineer Battalion Company C and 1st Platoon of Company B, 632nd Tank Destroyer ...
... Field Artillery Branch (Citizen Force) (1913–34) - incorporated into SAA SA Field Artillery (1915–19) SA Heavy Artillery (1915–19) SA Field Artillery (1923–34 ...
... had three 75 mm howitzer battalions – two glider field artillery battalions (two six-gun batteries each) and one parachute field artillery battalion (three four-gun batteries), in total 36 pieces per division ... The gun was also used by some separate field artillery battalions ... Corps, under the E-series Tables of Organization (TO) from 15 April 1943 divisional artillery included three 75 mm howitzer battalions, 12 pieces each ...
Famous quotes containing the words artillery and/or field:
“Another success is the post-office, with its educating energy augmented by cheapness and guarded by a certain religious sentiment in mankind; so that the power of a wafer or a drop of wax or gluten to guard a letter, as it flies over sea over land and comes to its address as if a battalion of artillery brought it, I look upon as a fine meter of civilization.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)
“She is as in a field a silken tent
At midday when a sunny summer breeze
Has dried the dew and all its ropes relent,”
—Robert Frost (18741963)