Felix Martin Julius Steiner (23 May 1896 – 12 May 1966) was a German Reichswehr and Waffen-SS officer who served in both World War I and World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords were awarded in recognition of extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.
Steiner ranks as one of the most innovative commanders of the Waffen-SS. He skillfully commanded the SS-Deutschland Regiment through the invasions of Poland, France and the Low Countries. He was then chosen by Himmler to oversee the creation of, and then command the volunteer SS Division, SS-Division Wiking. In 1943, he was promoted to the command of III (Germanic) SS Panzer Corps.
On 28 January 1945, Steiner was placed in command of the 11th SS Panzer-Army. His army was part of Army Group Vistula.
On 21 April, during the Battle for Berlin, Steiner was placed in command of Army Detachment Steiner. On 22 April, the Russians outnumbered Steiner's worn out and exhausted unit by ten to one. Hitler gave orders for Steiner's forces to envelop the 1st Belorussian Front through a pincer attack, advancing from north of Berlin. Later in the day, Steiner made it plain that he did not have the divisions to do this. On 22 April, at his afternoon situation conference, Hitler fell into a tearful rage when he realised that his plans of the day before were not going to be realised.
Imprisoned until 1948, Steiner was cleared of all charges of War Crimes and after writing several books, died on 12 May 1966.
Other articles related to "felix, steiner, felix steiner":
... succeeded by Edith Graf-Litscher Yves Guisan FDP/PRD Vaud Paul Günter SPS/PSS Bern Felix Gutzwiller FDP/PRD Zurich Josy Gyr-Steiner SPS/PSS Schwyz Resigned April 10, 2007 (died April 18 ... CVP/PDC Vaud Since December 4, 2006 succeeded to Felix Walker Philipp Müller FDP/PRD Aargau Walter Müller FDP/PRD St ... Gallen Vreni Müller-Hemi SPS/PSS Zurich Felix Müri SVP/UDC Lucerne Roger Nordmann SPS/PSS Vaud succeeded to Pierre-Yves Maillard Ruedi Noser FDP/PRD Zurich ...
... Ernst Fellner Alfred Klement 1899- 1900 No championships held 1901 Lemberg Max Bohatsch Anton Steiner ] 1902- 1903 No championships held 1904 Vienna Max Bohatsch Anton Steiner ] 1905 Innsbruck Max Bohatsch ... Karl Schäfer Erich Erdös Leopold Linhart 1935 Vienna Felix Kaspar Erich Erdös Leopold Linhart 1936 Vienna Karl Schäfer Leopold Linhart Hellmut May ...
... Corps a corps in the Third Panzer Army On 21 April 1945 what remained of Steiner's command redesignated Army Detachment Steiner ...
Famous quotes containing the words steiner and/or felix:
“The immense majority of human biographies are a gray transit between domestic spasm and oblivion.”
—George Steiner (b. 1929)
“The legend of Felix is ended, the toiling of Felix is done;
The Master has paid him his wages, the goal of his journey is won;
He rests, but he never is idle; a thousand years pass like a day,
In the glad surprise of Paradise where work is sweeter than play.”
—Henry Van Dyke (18521933)