Famine

A famine is a widespread scarcity of food, caused by several factors including crop failure, population unbalance, or government policies. This phenomenon is usually accompanied or followed by regional malnutrition, starvation, epidemic, and increased mortality. Nearly every continent in the world has experienced a period of famine throughout history. Many countries continue to have extreme cases of famine.

Emergency measures in relieving famine primarily include providing deficient micronutrients, such as vitamins and minerals, through fortified sachet powders or directly through supplements. The famine relief model increasingly used by aid groups calls for giving cash or cash vouchers to the hungry to pay local farmers instead of buying food from donor countries, often required by law, as it wastes money on transport costs, but more importantly, it perpetuates the cycle of dependency on foreign imports rather than helping to create real local stability through agricultural abundance. Such independence however does rest upon local conditions of soil, water, temperature and so on.

Long-term measures include investment in modern agriculture techniques, such as fertilizers and irrigation, which largely eradicated hunger in the developed world. World Bank strictures restrict government subsidies for farmers, and increasing use of fertilizers is opposed by some environmental groups because of its unintended consequences: adverse effects on water supplies and habitat.

Read more about Famine:  Characteristics, Causes, History

Other articles related to "famine":

Mary Letitia Martin - Famine
... fortune was destroyed in the potato famine as she attempted to alleviate its effects on her tenants ...
Lakshmeshwar Singh - Public Charity
... Maharaja Lakshmeshwar Singh spent approximately £300,000 on relief work during the Bihar famine of 1873–74 ... generating employment for people effected by famine ... elaborate system of irrigation works, for prevention of famine ...
Second Reformation - History
... The occasion of the Great Famine (Ireland) was also seized upon by the "new Reformers" ... Alfred Webb later wrote "Upon the famine arose the wide spread system of proselytism.. ... known for generations as "soupers" after the Famine many re-converted back to being Roman Catholics and in turn they became known as "jumpers", so one could ...
List Of Memorials To The Great Famine - Ireland
... Strokestown Park Famine Museum Customs House Quays, Dublin ... "Famine", a sculpture by Edward Delaney ... Limerick, The 'Broken Heart' Famine memorial by Maria Pizzuti, Lower Mallow Street ...
Famine, Affluence, And Morality - Quotations
... "either our distance from a preventable evil nor the number of other people who, in respect to that evil, are in the same situation as we are, lessens our obligation to mitigate or prevent that evil." "f it is in our power to prevent something bad from happening, without thereby sacrificing anything of comparable moral importance, we ought, morally, to do it." today "People do not feel in any way ashamed or guilty about spending money on new clothes or a new car instead of giving it to famine relief ... (Indeed, the alternative does not occur to them.) This way of looking at the matter cannot be justified ...

Famous quotes containing the word famine:

    He will deliver you from six troubles; in seven no harm shall touch you. In famine he will redeem you from death, and in war from the power of the sword. You shall be hidden from the scourge of the tongue, and shall not fear destruction when it comes. At destruction and famine you shall laugh, and shall not fear the wild animals of the earth. For you shall be in league with the stones of the field, and the wild animals shall be at peace with you.
    Bible: Hebrew, Job 5:19-23.

    I knew the poor,
    I knew the hideous death they die,
    when famine lays its bleak hand on the door;
    I knew the rich,
    sated with merriment,
    who yet are sad.
    Hilda Doolittle (1886–1961)