Experimenter's Bias

In experimental science, experimenter's bias is subjective bias towards a result expected by the human experimenter. David Sackett, in a useful review of biases in clinical studies, states that biases can occur in any one of seven stages of research:

  1. in reading-up on the field,
  2. in specifying and selecting the study sample,
  3. in executing the experimental manoeuvre (or exposure),
  4. in measuring exposures and outcomes,
  5. in analyzing the data,
  6. in interpreting the analysis, and
  7. in publishing the results.

The inability of a human being to be objective is the ultimate source of this bias. It occurs more often in sociological and medical sciences, where double blind techniques are often employed to combat the bias. But experimenter's bias can also be found in some physical sciences, for instance, where the experimenter rounds off measurements.

Read more about Experimenter's Bias:  Classification of Experimenter's Biases, Statistical Background, Biological and Medical Sciences, Physical Sciences, Social Sciences, Forensic Sciences

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