Experience as a general concept comprises knowledge of or skill of some thing or some event gained through involvement in or exposure to that thing or event. The history of the word experience aligns it closely with the concept of experiment. For example, the word experience could be used in a statement like: "I have experience in fishing".
The concept of experience generally refers to know-how or procedural knowledge, rather than propositional knowledge: on-the-job training rather than book-learning. Philosophers dub knowledge based on experience "empirical knowledge" or "a posteriori knowledge".
The interrogation of experience has a long tradition in continental philosophy. Experience plays an important role in the philosophy of Søren Kierkegaard. The German term Erfahrung, often translated into English as "experience", has a slightly different implication, connoting the coherency of life's experiences.
A person with considerable experience in a specific field can gain a reputation as an expert.
Certain religious traditions (such as types of Buddhism, Surat Shabd Yoga, mysticism and Pentecostalism) and educational paradigms with, for example, the conditioning of military recruit-training (also known as "boot camps"), stress the experiential nature of human epistemology. This stands in contrast to alternatives: traditions of dogma, logic or reasoning. Participants in activities such as tourism, extreme sports and recreational drug-use also tend to stress the importance of experience.
Other articles related to "experience":
... organized a series of happenings that ironically took up the implications of the term "experience" Experience the Experience ...
... Work experience is the experience that a person has been working, or worked in a specific field or occupation ...
... and the essential being of the person, distinct but not separate from all contents of experience ... Psychosynthesis suggests that 'we can experience the will as having four stages ... come and go, while “I” may remain present to each experience as it arises ...
... Able to offer appropriate command experience on fixed-wing aircraft or helicopters ... and/or be a Chartered Engineer with a minimum of 5 years' post qualifications experience ... Knowledge and experience of modern aircraft control systems ...
... In Ancient Rome it was believed that personal experience was part of some divine or species-wide collective experience ... with such notions, than a strictly personal idea of experience ... were notable investigators of these ideas of collective experience in the 20th century ...
Famous quotes containing the word experience:
“The classicist, and the naturalist who has much in common with him, refuse to see in the highest works of art anything but the exercise of judgement, sensibility, and skill. The romanticist cannot be satisfied with such a normal standard; for him art is essentially irrationalan experience beyond normality, sometimes destructive of normality, and at the very least evocative of that state of wonder which is the state of mind induced by the immediately inexplicable.”
—Sir Herbert Read (18931968)
“Every poem of value must have a residue [of language].... It cannot be exhausted because our lives are not long enough to do so. Indeed, in the greatest poetry, the residue may seem to increase as our experience increasesthat is, as we become more sensitive to the particular ignitions in its language. We return to a poem not because of its symbolic [or sociological] value, but because of the waste, or subversion, or difficulty, or consolation of its provision.”
—William Logan, U.S. educator. Condition of the Individual Talent, The Sewanee Review, p. 93, Winter 1994.
“The psychological umbilical cord is more difficult to cut than the real one. We experience our children as extensions of ourselves, and we feel as though their behavior is an expression of something within us...instead of an expression of something in them. We see in our children our own reflection, and when we dont like what we see, we feel angry at the reflection.”
—Elaine Heffner (20th century)