Evaluation approaches are conceptually distinct ways of thinking about, designing and conducting evaluation efforts. Many of the evaluation approaches in use today make unique contributions to solving important problems, while others refine existing approaches in some way. Classification systems intended to sort out unique approaches from variations on a theme are presented here to help identify some basic schools of thought for conducting an evaluation. After these approaches are identified, they are summarized in terms of a few important attributes.
Since the mid 1960s, the number of alternative approaches to conducting evaluation efforts has increased dramatically. Factors such as the United States Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 that required educators to evaluate their efforts and results, and the growing public concern for accountability of human service programs contributed to this growth. In addition, over this period of time there has been an international movement towards encouraging evidence based practice in all professions and in all sectors. Evidence Based Practice (EBP) requires evaluations to deliver the information needed to determine what is the best way of achieving results.
Other articles related to "evaluation approaches, approaches, evaluation":
... Two classifications of evaluation approaches by House and Stufflebeam and Webster can be combined into a manageable number of approaches in terms of their unique and important underlying principles ... House considers all major evaluation approaches to be based on a common ideology entitled liberal democracy ... Firstly, approaches can take an elite perspective, focusing on the interests of managers and professionals or they also can take a mass perspective, focusing on consumers and participatory ...
... Assumptions underlying evaluation models ... An analysis of alternative approaches to evaluation ... Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis ...
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