Eternal return (also known as "eternal recurrence") is a concept which posits that the universe has been recurring, and will continue to recur, in a self-similar form an infinite number of times across infinite time or space. The concept is found in Indian philosophy and in ancient Egypt and was subsequently taken up by the Pythagoreans and Stoics. With the decline of antiquity and the spread of Christianity, the concept fell into disuse in the Western world, though Friedrich Nietzsche resurrected it as a thought experiment to argue for amor fati.
In addition, the philosophical concept of eternal recurrence was addressed by Arthur Schopenhauer. It is a purely physical concept, involving no supernatural reincarnation, but the return of beings in the same bodies. Time is viewed as being not linear but cyclical.
Read more about Eternal Return: Premise, Classical Antiquity, Indian Religions, Judaism, Renaissance, Friedrich Nietzsche, Poincaré Recurrence Theorem, Modern Cosmology, Arguments Against Eternal Return, References in Other Literature, References in Popular Culture
Other articles related to "eternal return, eternal":
... Eternal return is the central theme of the movie Groundhog Day - the main character, played by Bill Murray, wakes up each morning to find it is the same date and ... the polytheistic religion of the humans of the Twelve Colonies is centered on the belief of eternal recurrence, and the religious elements of the show frequently incorporate. 1979 novel, The Never Ending Story, muses on themes of eternal return, with the Old Man of Wandering Mountain and the Childlike Empress being two opposing and ...
... Although immensely influential in religious studies, the ideas behind Eliade's hypothesis of the eternal return are less well accepted in anthropology and sociology ... Eliade's assumption — essential for belief in the eternal return as Eliade formulates it — that primitive and archaic cultures had concepts such as "being" and "real", although they lacked ... Kirk thinks Eliade's theory of eternal return applies to some cultures ...
2009, Darkest Hour began to record the new album, The Eternal Return, just before co-headlining (along with Bleeding Through) the Thrash and Burn European Tour 2009 in April and May ... The Eternal Return was released on June 23, 2009, two weeks later than originally announced ...
... The term Eternal return may mean Eternal return, the philosophical concept Eternal Return (Eliade), the term used by the religious historian Mircea Eliade The Eternal Return (album), an album by the ...
... In Kirk's view, Eliade derived his theory of eternal return from the functions of Australian Aboriginal mythology and then proceeded to apply the theory to other mythologies ... For example, Kirk argues that the eternal return does not accurately describe the functions of Native American or Greek mythology ... of Chicago, claims (in an introduction to Eliade's own Shamanism) that the eternal return does not apply to all myths and rituals, although it may apply to many of them ...
Famous quotes containing the words return and/or eternal:
“Our needs hourly
Climb and return like angels.
Unclosing like a hand,
You give for ever.”
—Philip Larkin (19221986)
“The scientific mind is atrophied, and suffers under inherited cerebral weakness, when it comes in contact with the eternal womanAstarte, Isis, Demeter, Aphrodite, and the last and greatest deity of all, the Virgin.”
—Henry Brooks Adams (18381918)