English Orthography

English orthography is the alphabetic spelling system used by the English language. English orthography, like other alphabetic orthographies, exhibits a set of relationships between speech sounds and the corresponding written words. In most other languages, these relationships are regular enough to be called rules. In standard English spelling, however, nearly every sound can be spelled in more than one way, and most spellings and all letters can be pronounced in more than one way and often in many different ways. This is largely due to the complex history of the English language, together with the absence of systematic spelling reforms implemented in English, in contrast to the position in a number of other languages.

In general, English spelling does not reflect the sound changes in the pronunciation of the language that have occurred since the late fifteenth century.

Read more about English OrthographyFunction of The Letters, Silent Letters, Diacritics, Ligatures, Irregularities – Phonic, Spelling Irregularities

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List Of Digraphs In Latin Alphabets - C
... English success, French occire, Spanish accidente (dialectally or ) ... It was also used for /dʒ/ in Old English (ecg in Old English sounded like 'edge' in Modern English), and in the Tindall orthography of Khoehkoe for the voiceless dental click /ǀ/ ... ⟨čh⟩ is used in Romani orthography and the Chechen Latin alphabet for /tʃʰ/ ...
List Of Digraphs In Latin Alphabets - G
... In Irish orthography, it indicates the eclipsis of c and represents ... ⟨ge⟩ is used in French orthography for before ⟨a o u⟩ as in geôle ... ⟨gg⟩ is used in English orthography for /ɡ/ before ⟨i⟩ and ⟨e⟩ ...
English Orthography - Spelling Patterns - Sound To Spelling Correspondences
... The following table shows for each sound, the various spelling patterns used to denote it ... The symbol "…" stands for an intervening consonant ...

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