Eleftherios Venizelos

Eleftherios Venizelos (full name Elefthérios Kyriákou Venizélos, Greek: Ἐλευθέριος Κυριάκου Βενιζέλος; ; 23 August 1864 – 18 March 1936) was an eminent Greek revolutionary, a prominent and illustrious statesman as well as a charismatic leader in the early 20th century. Elected several times as Prime Minister of Greece, serving from 1910 to 1920 and from 1928 to 1932, Venizelos had such profound influence on the internal and external affairs of Greece that he is credited with being "the maker of modern Greece", and is still widely known as the "Ethnarch".

His first entry into the international scene was with his significant role in the autonomy of the Cretan State and later in the union of Crete with Greece. Soon, he was invited to Greece to resolve the political deadlock and became the country's Prime Minister. Not only did he initiate constitutional and economic reforms that set the basis for the modernization of Greek society, but also reorganized both army and navy in preparation of future conflicts. Before the Balkan Wars of 1912–1913, Venizelos' catalytic role helped gain Greece entrance to the Balkan League, an alliance of the Balkan states against Ottoman Turkey. Through his diplomatic acumen, Greece doubled her area and population with the liberation of Macedonia, Epirus, and the rest of the Aegean islands.

In World War I (1914–1918), he brought Greece on the side of the Allies, further expanding the Greek borders. However, his pro-Allied foreign policy brought him in direct conflict with the monarchy, causing the National Schism. The Schism polarized the population between the royalists and Venizelists and the struggle for power between the two groups afflicted the political and social life of Greece for decades. Following the Allied victory, Venizelos secured new territorial gains, especially in Anatolia, coming close to realize the Megali Idea. Despite his achievements, Venizelos was defeated in the 1920 General Election, which contributed to the eventual Greek defeat in the Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922). Venizelos, in self-imposed exile, represented Greece in the negotiations that led to the signing of the Treaty of Lausanne, and the agreement of a mutual exchange of populations between Greece and Turkey.

In his subsequent periods in office Venizelos succeeded in restoring normal relations with Greece's neighbors and expanded his constitutional and economical reforms. In 1935 Venizelos resurfaced out of retirement to support a military coup and its failure severely weakened the Second Hellenic Republic, the republic he had created.

Read more about Eleftherios Venizelos:  Exile and Death, Legacy, Personal Life and Family

Other articles related to "eleftherios venizelos, eleftherios, venizelos":

List Of Prime Ministers Of Greece - Second Hellenic Republic (1924–1935)
1927 8 February 8 ... February 4 ... July 121 ... Eleftherios Venizelos 4 ... July 7 ... June 1929 Liberal Party Won 1928 elections. 5 June 1932 Farmers’ and Workers’ Party 123 Eleftherios Venizelos — 5 ... June 4 ... November 1932 Liberal Party 124 Panagis Tsaldaris 4 ... November 16 ... January 1933 People's Party 125 Eleftherios ...
List Of Prime Ministers Of Greece - Kingdom of Greece - Glücksburg Dynasty (1863–1924)
... by the Military League 92 Stephanos Dragoumis 31 January 19 ... October 93 ... Eleftherios Venizelos 19 ... October 10 ... March 1915 Liberal Party Two terms (Nov. 94 Dimitrios Gounaris 10 March 23 ... August 95 ... Eleftherios Venizelos 23 ... August 7 ... October 1915 Liberal Party Won May elections, resigned again over ... Nikolaos Kalogeropoulos 16 September 10 ... October 1916 Eleftherios Venizelos 19 September 27 ... June 1917 Liberal Party Rival "Government of National Defence" controlling ...
Eleftherios Venizelos Museum Of Chalepa
... Eleftherios Venizelos Museum of Chalepa is a planned museum in Chania, Crete, Greece ... It is the paternal house of Eleftherios Venizelos, where he lived from 1880 to 1910, and occasionally, from 1927 to 1935. 2002, the Greek state assumed the ownership of the Venizelos residence, and then ceded it to the Eleftherios K ...
Alexandros Zaimis - Death and Legacy
... Succeeded by (Unification with Greece) Antonios Michelidakis Preceded by Eleftherios Venizelos Prime Minister of Greece October 7, 1915 – November 7, 1915 Succeeded by Stephanos Skouloudis Preceded by ...
Eleftherios Venizelos, Crete
... Eleftherios Venizelos (Greek Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος) is a former municipality in the Chania regional unit, Crete, Greece ... The municipality was named for the Greek statesman Eleftherios Venizelos, who was born in Mournies ...