Doctor of Medicine (MD, from the Latin Medicinæ Doctor meaning "Teacher of Medicine") is one of two doctoral degrees for physicians granted by most United States medical schools (the other is the Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine degree). It is a professional doctorate in some countries, including the United States and Canada; training is entered after obtaining from 90 to 120 credit hours of university level work (see second entry degree) and in most cases after having obtained a Bachelors Degree. In other countries, such as India, the United Kingdom, Germany, and Sri Lanka, the M.D. is a research degree more similar to a Ph.D. In India, Britain, Ireland, and many Commonwealth nations, the medical degree is instead of the MBBS i.e., Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBChB, BM BCh, MB BCh, MBBS, BMBS, BMed, BM) and MD is a higher level of attainment.
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