At Oxford, the degree of Doctor of Civil Law by Diploma is customarily conferred on foreign Heads of State, as well as on the Chancellor of the University. (The British Sovereign is unable to receive university degrees, since these would, theoretically, place her under the jurisdiction of the Chancellor of the university. Prior to her accession, the present Queen did accept several honorary degrees, including an Oxford DCL in 1948).
The degree is a higher doctorate usually awarded on the basis of exceptionally insightful and distinctive publications that contain significant and original contributions to the study of law or politics in general. The degree of Doctor of Canon Law was replaced by the DCL after the Reformation.
The DCL is senior to all degrees save the Doctor of Divinity which was traditionally the highest degree bestowed by the Universities.
In some other universities, the DCL is an honorary degree.
The following other higher institutions also grant DCL:
- University of Durham, United Kingdom
- University of Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
- University of Kent, Kent, United Kingdom
- McGill University Faculty of Law, Montreal, Quebec Canada
- Louisiana State University Paul M. Hebert Law Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA
- Pontifical Lateran University, Rome
- Royal and Pontifical University of Santo Tomas, Philippines
- Yale University School of Law
Famous quotes containing the words law, doctor and/or civil:
“Our law very often reminds one of those outskirts of cities where you cannot for a long time tell how the streets come to wind about in so capricious and serpent-like a manner. At last it strikes you that they grew up, house by house, on the devious tracks of the old green lanes; and if you follow on to the existing fields, you may often find the change half complete.”
—Walter Bagehot (18261877)
“A doctor is fascinated by death, and pain. And how much pain a man can endure.”
—David Boehm, and Louis Friedlander. Dr. Richard Vollin (Bela Lugosi)
“They who say that women do not desire the right of suffrage, that they prefer masculine domination to self-government, falsify every page of history, every fact in human experience. It has taken the whole power of the civil and canon law to hold woman in the subordinate position which it is said she willingly accepts.”
—Elizabeth Cady Stanton (18151902)