At Oxford, the degree of Doctor of Civil Law by Diploma is customarily conferred on foreign Heads of State, as well as on the Chancellor of the University. (The British Sovereign is unable to receive university degrees, since these would, theoretically, place her under the jurisdiction of the Chancellor of the university. Prior to her accession, the present Queen did accept several honorary degrees, including an Oxford DCL in 1948).
The degree is a higher doctorate usually awarded on the basis of exceptionally insightful and distinctive publications that contain significant and original contributions to the study of law or politics in general. The degree of Doctor of Canon Law was replaced by the DCL after the Reformation.
The DCL is senior to all degrees save the Doctor of Divinity which was traditionally the highest degree bestowed by the Universities.
In some other universities, the DCL is an honorary degree.
The following other higher institutions also grant DCL:
- University of Durham, United Kingdom
- University of Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
- University of Kent, Kent, United Kingdom
- McGill University Faculty of Law, Montreal, Quebec Canada
- Louisiana State University Paul M. Hebert Law Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA
- Pontifical Lateran University, Rome
- Royal and Pontifical University of Santo Tomas, Philippines
- Yale University School of Law
Famous quotes containing the words law, doctor and/or civil:
“Here, lads, we live by the law of the taiga. But even here people manage to live. Dyou know who are the ones the camps finish off? Those who lick other mens left-overs, those who set store by the doctors, and those who peach on their mates.”
—Alexander Solzhenitsyn (b. 1918)
“The doctor found, when she was dead,
Her last disorder mortal.”
—Oliver Goldsmith (17281774)
“Physical force has no value, where there is nothing else. Snow in snow-banks, fire in volcanoes and solfataras is cheap. The luxury of ice is in tropical countries, and midsummer days. The luxury of fire is, to have a little on our hearth; and of electricity, not the volleys of the charged cloud, but the manageable stream on the battery-wires. So of spirit, or energy; the rests or remains of it in the civil and moral man, are worth all the cannibals in the Pacific.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)