Cyanide

A cyanide is a chemical compound that contains the cyano group, -C≡N, which consists of a carbon atom triple-bonded to a nitrogen atom. Cyanides most commonly refer to salts of the anion CN−, which is isoelectronic with carbon monoxide and with molecular nitrogen. Most cyanides are highly toxic.

Read more about Cyanide:  Nomenclature and Etymology, Occurrence and Reactions, Manufacture, Toxicity

Other articles related to "cyanide":

Cyanide Hydratase
... In enzymology, a cyanide hydratase (EC 4.2.1.66) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction formamide cyanide + H2O Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, formamide, and two products, cyanide and H2O ... name of this enzyme class is formamide hydro-lyase (cyanide-forming) ...
Chemical Tests For Cyanide - Gas Diffusion Flow Injection Analysis — Amperometry
... that transports the CN to an amperometric detector that accurately measures cyanide concentration with high sensitivity ... or preliminary UV irradiation allow cyanide speciation of free cyanide, available cyanide, and total cyanide respectively ...
Cyanide Poisoning - In Fiction - Homicide - In Literature
... In Agatha Christie's And Then There Were None, the first death occurs from cyanide poisoning ... In Agatha Christie's Sparkling Cyanide (also entitled Remembered Death), based upon her Hercule Poirot short story entitled "Yellow Iris", Rosemary and George Barton are poisoned by cyanide ... In Hit Man A Technical Manual for Independent Contractors by "Rex Feral", the use of cyanide to poison a mark is explained in detail ...
Cyanide Poisoning
... Cyanide poisoning occurs when a living organism is exposed to a compound that produces cyanide ions (CN−) when dissolved in water ... Common poisonous cyanide compounds include hydrogen cyanide gas and the crystalline solids potassium cyanide and sodium cyanide ... The cyanide ion halts cellular respiration by inhibiting an enzyme in the mitochondria called cytochrome c oxidase ...
Cyanide Poisoning - In Fiction - Other
... Asimov's short story "Hostess" features an alien race which requires small amounts of hydrogen cyanide in order for their hemoglobin analogues to remain stable ... As such, while they do not suffer cyanide poisoning, cyanide withdrawal is, for them, an extremely painful condition similar to slow strangulation ...