Confucius

Confucius (551–479 BCE) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn Period of Chinese history. The philosophy of Confucius emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice and sincerity. His followers competed successfully with many other schools during the Hundred Schools of Thought era only to be suppressed in favor of the Legalists during the Qin Dynasty. Following the victory of Han over Chu after the collapse of Qin, Confucius's thoughts received official sanction and were further developed into a system known as Confucianism.

Confucius is traditionally credited with having authored or edited many of the Chinese classic texts including all of the Five Classics, but modern scholars are cautious of attributing specific assertions to Confucius himself. Aphorisms concerning his teachings were compiled in the Analects, but only many years after his death.

Confucius's principles had a basis in common Chinese tradition and belief. He championed strong family loyalty, ancestor worship, respect of elders by their children (and in traditional interpretations) of husbands by their wives. He also recommended family as a basis for ideal government. He espoused the well-known principle "Do not do to others what you do not want done to yourself", an early version of the Golden Rule.

Read more about ConfuciusNames, Background, Philosophy, Disciples, Legacy, Visual Portraits, Death and Legacy

Other articles related to "confucius":

Confucius - Death and Legacy - Descendants
... See also Family tree of Confucius in the main line of descent Confucius' descendants were repeatedly identified and honored by successive imperial governments ... of the 77th generation, was appointed Sacrificial Official to Confucius ... Confucius's family, the Kongs, has the longest recorded extant pedigree in the world today ...
Rectification Of Names - Confucius
... Confucius believed that social disorder often stemmed from failure to perceive, understand, and deal with reality ... Confucius, Analects, Book XIII, Chapter 3, verses 4-7, translated by James Legge Following orders from a person of authority means that your showing respect ... Confucius' belief in the Rectification of Names is even practiced in today's society for example when a teacher asks a student to address a visitor, that student ...
Confucianists - Themes in Confucian Thought - Ren
... Ren is one of the basic virtues promoted by Confucius, and is an obligation of altruism and humaneness for other individuals within a community ... Confucius' concept of humaneness (Chinese 仁 pinyin rén) is probably best expressed in the Confucian version of the ethic of reciprocity, or the Golden Rule "Do not do ... Confucius himself had little to say on the will of the people, but his leading follower Mencius did state on one occasion that the people's opinion on certain weighty matters should be considered ...
Confucianists - Criticism
... For many years since the era of Confucius, various critiques of Confucianism have arisen, including Laozi's philosophy and Mozi's critique ... Marxists during the Cultural Revolution described Confucius as the general representative of the class of slave owners ... Korean writer Kim-kyong-li wrote a criticism named "Confucius Must Die For the Nation to Live" (공자가 죽어야 나라가 산다, gongjaga jug-eoya ...
Confucius Genealogy Compilation Committee
... The Confucius Genealogy Compilation Committee is responsible for collecting, collating and publishing the 2,500 years worth of genealogical data associated with Confucius ... The fifth edition of the Confucius genealogy was printed in September 2009 ... The last major publication of the Confucius genealogy was in 1930 ...

Famous quotes containing the word confucius:

    A township where one primitive forest waves above while another primitive forest rots below,—such a town is fitted to raise not only corn and potatoes, but poets and philosophers for the coming ages. In such a soil grew Homer and Confucius and the rest, and out of such a wilderness comes the Reformer eating locusts and wild honey.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

    I am so far from thinking the maxims of Confucius and Jesus Christ to differ, that I think the plain and simple maxims of the former, will help to illustrate the more obscure ones of the latter, accommodated to the then way of speaking.
    Matthew Tindal (1653–1733)