Comparison of Orbital Launch Systems

Comparison Of Orbital Launch Systems

This page exposes the full list of orbital launch systems. For the short simple list of launchers families, see Comparison of orbital launchers families.

Orbital launch systems are rockets and other systems capable of placing payloads into or beyond Earth orbit.

  • GEO - Geostationary orbit
  • GSO - Geosynchronous orbit
  • GTO - Geostationary transfer orbit
  • HCO - Heliocentric orbit
  • HEO - High Earth orbit
  • LEO - Low Earth orbit
  • MEO - Medium Earth orbit
  • SSO - Sun-synchronous orbit
  • TLI - Trans Lunar Injection

Vehicle Origin Manufacturer Mass to
LEO
(kg)
Mass to
other orbits
(kg)
Cost
(Mil US$)
Cost/kg
(LEO) (US$)
Cost/kg
(GTO) (US$)
Launches Status First flight Last flight Vehicle
Angara 1.1 Russia Khrunichev 50000000000000000000 Development Angara 1.1
Angara 1.2 Russia Khrunichev 70033800000000000003,800 50000000000000000000 Development Angara 1.2
Angara A3 Russia Khrunichev 700414600000000000014,600 70032400000000000002,400–3,600 to GTO 7001700000000000000 €50 (US$70) 50000000000000000000 Development Angara A3
Angara A5 Russia Khrunichev 700424500000000000024,500 (63°) 50000000000000000000 Development Angara A5
Angara A7 Russia Khrunichev 700441000000000000041,000 50000000000000000000 Development Angara A7
Ariane 1 Europe Aérospatiale 70031400000000000001,400 70031830000000000001,830 to GTO 700111000000000000011 Retired 1979 1986 Ariane 1
Ariane 2 Europe Aérospatiale 70032270000000000002,270 to GTO 70006000000000000006 Retired 1986 1989 Ariane 2
Ariane 3 Europe Aérospatiale 70032650000000000002,650 to GTO 700111000000000000011 Retired 1984 1989 Ariane 3
Ariane 4 40 Europe Aérospatiale 70034600000000000004,600 70032740000000000002,740 to SSO
1,900 to GTO
70003000000000000003 Retired 1990 1993 Ariane 4 40
Ariane 4 40 H10+ Europe Aérospatiale 70032020000000000002,020 to GTO 70001000000000000001 Retired 1995 1995 Ariane 4 40 H10+
Ariane 4 40 H10-3 Europe Aérospatiale 70032105000000000002,105 to GTO 70003000000000000003 Retired 1995 1999 Ariane 4 40 H10-3
Ariane 4 42L Europe Aérospatiale 70037000000000000007,000 70034500000000000004,500 to SSO
3,200 to GTO
70001000000000000001 Retired 1993 1993 Ariane 4 42L
Ariane 4 42L H10+ Europe Aérospatiale 70037000000000000007,000 70033350000000000003,350 to GTO 70001000000000000001 Retired 1994 1994 Ariane 4 42L H10+
Ariane 4 42L H10-3 Europe Aérospatiale 70037000000000000007,000 70033480000000000003,480 to GTO 700111000000000000011 Retired 1995 2002 Ariane 4 42L H10-3
Ariane 4 42P Europe Aérospatiale 70036000000000000006,000 7003260000000000000 3,400 to SSO
2,600 to GTO
70002000000000000002 Retired 1990 1992 Ariane 4 42P
Ariane 4 42P H10+ Europe Aérospatiale 70032740000000000002,740 to GTO 70004000000000000004 Retired 1992 1994 Ariane 4 42P H10+
Ariane 4 42P H10-3 Europe Aérospatiale 70032930000000000002,930 to GTO 70009000000000000009 Retired 1994 2002 Ariane 4 42P H10-3
Ariane 4 44L Europe Aérospatiale 70037000000000000007,000 7003420000000000000 6,000 to SSO
4,200 to GTO
700111000000000000011 Retired 1989 1992 Ariane 4 44L
Ariane 4 44L H10+ Europe Aérospatiale 70037000000000000007,000 70034460000000000004,460 to GTO 70005000000000000005 Retired 1992 1994 Ariane 4 44L H10+
Ariane 4 44L H10-3 Europe Aérospatiale 70037000000000000007,000 70034720000000000004,720 to GTO 700124000000000000024 Retired 1995 2003 Ariane 4 44L H10-3
Ariane 4 44LP Europe Aérospatiale 70037000000000000007,000 7003370000000000000 5,000 to SSO
3,700 to GTO
70007000000000000007 Retired 1988 1993 Ariane 4 44LP
Ariane 4 44LP H10+ Europe Aérospatiale 70037000000000000007,000 70034030000000000004,030 to GTO 70006000000000000006 Retired 1992 1995 Ariane 4 44LP H10+
Ariane 4 44LP H10-3 Europe Aérospatiale 70037000000000000007,000 70034220000000000004,220 to GTO 700113000000000000013 Retired 1995 2001 Ariane 4 44LP H10-3
Ariane 4 44P Europe Aérospatiale 70036500000000000006,500 7003300000000000000 4,100 to SSO
3,000 to GTO
70002000000000000002 Retired 1991 1991 Ariane 4 44P
Ariane 4 44P H10-3 Europe Aérospatiale 70033465000000000003,465 to GTO 70009000000000000009 Retired 1995 2001 Ariane 4 44P H10-3
Ariane 5ECA Europe EADS Astrium 700421000000000000021,000 700410050000000000010,050 to GTO 7002220000000000000220 700410476000000000010,476 700421891000000000021,891 700131000000000000031
Operational 2002
Ariane 5ME Europe EADS Astrium 700411200000000000011,200 to GTO 50000000000000000000 Development Ariane 5ME
Ariane 5ES Europe EADS Astrium 700421000000000000021,000 70038000000000000008,000 to GTO 7002220000000000000220 700410476000000000010,476 70002000000000000002 Operational 2008 Ariane 5ES
Ariane 5G Europe EADS Astrium 700418000000000000018,000 70036900000000000006,900 700116000000000000016 Retired 1996 2003 Ariane 5G
Ariane 5G+ Europe EADS Astrium 700418000000000000018,000 70037100000000000007,100 to GTO 70003000000000000003 Retired 2004 2004 Ariane 5G+
Ariane 5GS Europe EADS Astrium 700418000000000000018,000 70036600000000000006,600 to GTO 70006000000000000006 Retired 2005 2009 Ariane 5GS
ASLV India ISRO 1987 1994 ASLV
Athena I United States Lockheed Martin 70004000000000000004 Retired 1995 2001 Athena I
Athena Ic United States ATK
Lockheed Martin
50000000000000000000 Development Athena Ic
Athena II United States Lockheed Martin 70032065000000000002,065 70003000000000000003 Retired 1998 1999 Athena II
Athena IIc United States ATK
Lockheed Martin
50000000000000000000 Development Athena IIc
Atlas-Centaur United States Lockheed 70038618000000000008,618 70033833000000000003,833 to GTO 7002148000000000000148 Retired 1962 1983 Atlas-Centaur
Atlas G United States Lockheed 70035900000000000005,900 70032222000000000002,222 to GTO
1,179 to HCO
70007000000000000007 Retired 1984 1989 Atlas G
Atlas H/MSD United States Lockheed 70005000000000000005 Retired 1983 1987 Atlas H/MSD
Atlas I United States Lockheed Martin 70035900000000000005,900 70032340000000000002,340 700111000000000000011 Retired 1990 1997 Atlas I
Atlas II United States Lockheed Martin 70036780000000000006,780 70032810000000000002,810 to GTO
2,000 to HCO
700110000000000000010 Retired 1991 1998 Atlas II
Atlas IIA United States Lockheed Martin 70037316000000000007,316 70033180000000000003,180 to GTO
2,160 to HCO
700123000000000000023 Retired 1992 2002 Atlas IIA
Atlas IIAS United States Lockheed Martin 70038618000000000008,618 70033833000000000003,833 to GTO
2,680 to HCO
700130000000000000030 Retired 1993 2004 Atlas IIAS
Atlas IIIA United States Lockheed Martin 70038686000000000008,686 70034060000000000004,060 to GTO
2,970 to HCO
70002000000000000002 Retired 2000 2004 Atlas IIIA
Atlas IIIB/DEC United States Lockheed Martin 700410759000000000010,759 70034609000000000004,609 to GTO 70001000000000000001 Retired 2002 2002 Atlas IIIB/DEC
Atlas IIIB/SEC United States Lockheed Martin 70034193000000000004,193 to GTO 70003000000000000003 Retired 2003 2005 Atlas IIIB/SEC
Atlas V 401 United States United Launch Alliance 70039050000000000009,050 7003495000000000000 6,670 to SSO
4,950 to GTO
7002125000000000000125 700413812000000000013,812 700111000000000000011 Operational 2002 Atlas V 401
Atlas V 411 United States United Launch Alliance 70039050000000000009,050 7003607500000000000 8,495 to SSO
6,075 to GTO
70003000000000000003 Operational 2006 Atlas V 411
Atlas V 421 United States United Launch Alliance 70039050000000000009,050 7003700000000000000 9,050 to SSO
7,000 to GTO
70003000000000000003 Operational 2007 Atlas V 421
Atlas V 431 United States United Launch Alliance 70039050000000000009,050 7003780000000000000 9,050 to SSO
7,800 to GTO
70002000000000000002 Operational 2005 Atlas V 431
Atlas V 501 United States United Launch Alliance 70038250000000000008,250 7003397000000000000 5,945 to SSO
3,970 to GTO
1,500 to GEO
70003000000000000003 Operational 2010 Atlas V 501
Atlas V 511 United States United Launch Alliance 700410950000000000010,950 7003537000000000000 7,820 to SSO
5,370 to GTO
1,750 to GEO
50000000000000000000 Operational Atlas V 511
Atlas V 521 United States United Launch Alliance 700413300000000000013,300 7003648500000000000 9,585 to SSO
6,485 to GTO
2,760 to GEO
70002000000000000002 Operational 2003 Atlas V 521
Atlas V 531 United States United Launch Alliance 700415300000000000015,300 7003742500000000000 11,160 to SSO
7,425 to GTO
3,250 to GEO
70001000000000000001 Operational 2010 Atlas V 531
Atlas V 541 United States United Launch Alliance 700417100000000000017,100 7003824000000000000 12,435 to SSO
8,240 to GTO
3,730 to GEO
50000000000000000000 Operational Atlas V 541
Atlas V 551 United States United Launch Alliance 700418500000000000018,500 7003870000000000000 12,435 to SSO
8,700 to GTO
3,960 to GEO
70001000000000000001 Operational 2006 Atlas V 551
Black Arrow United Kingdom RAE 700173000000000000073 70002000000000000002 Retired 1969 1971 Black Arrow
Titan IIICommercial Titan III United States Martin Marietta 70004000000000000004 Retired 1990 1992 Commercial Titan III
Delta 0300 United States McDonnell Douglas 7002700000000000000700 7002370000000000000370 to SSO 70003000000000000003 Retired 1972 1973 Delta 0300
Delta 0900 United States McDonnell Douglas 70031300000000000001,300 7002818000000000000818 to SSO 70002000000000000002 Retired 1972 1972 Delta 0900
Delta 1410 United States McDonnell Douglas 70001000000000000001 Retired 1975 1975 Delta 1410
Delta 1604 United States McDonnell Douglas 70002000000000000002 Retired 1972 1973 Delta 1604
Delta 1900 United States McDonnell Douglas 70031800000000000001,800 70001000000000000001 Retired 1973 1973 Delta 1900
Delta 1910 United States McDonnell Douglas 70001000000000000001 Retired 1975 1975 Delta 1910
Delta 1913 United States McDonnell Douglas 70001000000000000001 Retired 1973 1973 Delta 1913
Delta 1914 United States McDonnell Douglas 70002000000000000002 Retired 1972 1973 Delta 1914
Delta 2310 United States McDonnell Douglas 70003000000000000003 Retired 1974 1981 Delta 2310
Delta 2313 United States McDonnell Douglas 70003000000000000003 Retired 1974 1977 Delta 2313
Delta 2910 United States McDonnell Douglas 70031887000000000001,887 70006000000000000006 Retired 1975 1978 Delta 2910
Delta 2913 United States McDonnell Douglas 70032000000000000002,000 7002700000000000000700 to GTO 70006000000000000006 Retired 1975 1976 Delta 2913
Delta 2914 United States McDonnell Douglas 7002724000000000000724 to GTO 700130000000000000030 Retired 1974 1979 Delta 2914
Delta 3910 United States McDonnell Douglas 70032494000000000002,494 70031154000000000001,154 to GTO with PAM-D 700110000000000000010 Retired 1980 1988 Delta 3910
Delta 3913 United States McDonnell Douglas 70001000000000000001 Retired 1981 1981 Delta 3913
Delta 3914 United States McDonnell Douglas 7002954000000000000954 to GTO 700113000000000000013 Retired 1975 1987 Delta 3914
Delta 3920 United States McDonnell Douglas 70033452000000000003,452 70031284000000000001,284 to GTO with PAM-D 700110000000000000010 Retired 1982 1989 Delta 3920
Delta 3924 United States McDonnell Douglas 70031104000000000001,104 to GTO 70004000000000000004 Retired 1982 1984 Delta 3924
Delta 4925 United States McDonnell Douglas 70033400000000000003,400 70031312000000000001,312 to GTO 70002000000000000002 Retired 1989 1990 Delta 4925
Delta 5920 United States McDonnell Douglas 70033848000000000003,848 70001000000000000001 Retired 1989 1989 Delta 5920
Delta II 6920 United States McDonnell Douglas 70033983000000000003,983 70003000000000000003 Retired 1990 1992 Delta II 6920
Delta II 6925 United States McDonnell Douglas 70031447000000000001,447 to GTO 700114000000000000014 Retired 1989 1992 Delta II 6925
Delta II 7320 United States United Launch Alliance 70032865000000000002,865 70031651000000000001,651 to SSO 700110000000000000010 Retired 1999 2011 Delta II 7320
Delta II 7326 United States Boeing IDS 7002934000000000000934 to GTO
636 to TLI
629 to HCO
70003000000000000003 Retired 1998 Delta II 7326
Delta II 7420 United States United Launch Alliance 70033185000000000003,185 70031966000000000001,966 to SSO 700113000000000000013 Retired 1998 2010 Delta II 7420
Delta II 7425 United States Boeing IDS 70031100000000000001,100 to GTO
804 to HCO
70004000000000000004 Retired 1998 2002 Delta II 7425
Delta II 7426 United States Boeing IDS 70031058000000000001,058 to GTO
734 to TLI
711 to HCO
70001000000000000001 Retired 1999 1999 Delta II 7426
Delta II 7920 United States United Launch Alliance 70035030000000000005,030 70033123000000000003,123 to SSO 700127000000000000027 Operational 1998 2011 Delta II 7920
Delta II 7925 United States Boeing IDS 70031819000000000001,819 to GTO
1,177 to TLI
1,265 to HCO
700169000000000000069 Retired 1990 2009 Delta II 7925
Delta II-H 7920H United States United Launch Alliance 70036097000000000006,097 70003000000000000003 Retired 2003 2011 Delta II-H 7920H
Delta II-H 7925H United States United Launch Alliance 70032171000000000002,171 to GTO
1,508 to HCO
70003000000000000003 Operational
2003 2007 Delta II-H 7925H
Delta III 8930 United States Boeing IDS 70038292000000000008,292 70033810000000000003,810 to GTO 70003000000000000003 Retired 1998 2000 Delta III 8930
Delta IV-H United States United Launch Alliance 700422950000000000022,950 700412980000000000012,980 to GTO 7002300000000000000300(€220) 700413072000000000013,072 700423274000000000023,274 70005000000000000005 Operational 2004 Delta IV-H
Delta IV-M United States Boeing IDS 70038120000000000008,120 70034210000000000004,210 to GTO
2,722 to HCO
70003000000000000003 Retired 2003 2006 Delta IV-M
Delta IV-M+(4,2) United States United Launch Alliance 700411750000000000011,750 70035740000000000005,740 to GTO 70008000000000000008 Operational 2002 Delta IV-M+(4,2)
Delta IV-M+(5,2) United States United Launch Alliance 700410250000000000010,250 70034590000000000004,590 to GTO 50000000000000000000 Operational Delta IV-M+(5,2)
Delta IV-M+(5,4) United States United Launch Alliance 700413500000000000013,500 70036470000000000006,470 to GTO 70001000000000000001 Operational 2009 Delta IV-M+(5,4)
Diamant France SEREB 700112000000000000012 Retired 1965 1975 Diamant
Dnepr-1 Ukraine Yuzhmash 70033700000000000003,700 700114000000000000014(€10) 70033784000000000003,784 700116000000000000016 Operational 1999 Dnepr-1
Energia Soviet Union NPO Energia 7005100000000000000100,000 700420000000000000020,000 to GTO
32,000 to TLI
7002240000000000000240 70001000000000000001 Retired 1987 1987 Energia
Energia-Buran Soviet Union NPO Energia (Launcher)
NPO Molniya (Orbiter)
700430000000000000030,000
70001000000000000001 Retired 1988 1988 Energia-Buran
Epsilon Japan IHI Aerospace      70031200000000000001,200 50000000000000000000 Development Epsilon
Falcon 1 United States SpaceX 7002670000000000000670 70007000000000000007 70005000000000000005 Retired 2006 2009 Falcon 1
Falcon 1e United States SpaceX 70031010000000000001,010 700110900000000000010.9 700410792000000000010,792 50000000000000000000 Development Falcon 1e
Falcon 9 v1.0 United States SpaceX 700410450000000000010,450 70034680000000000004,680 to GTO 700156000000000000056 70035359000000000005,359 700411966000000000011,966 70004000000000000004 Operational 2010 Falcon 9
Falcon 9 v1.1 United States SpaceX 700416625000000000016,625 70035760000000000005,760 to GTO 700156000000000000056 70033368000000000003,368 70039722000000000009,722 50000000000000000000 Development 2013 Falcon 9 1.1
Falcon Heavy United States SpaceX 700453000000000000053,000 700419000000000000019,000 to GTO
700416000000000000016,000 to TLI
700180000000000000080–125 70032204000000000002,204 70036579000000000006,579 50000000000000000000 Development Falcon Heavy
GSLV Mk.I(a) India ISRO 2001 2001 GSLV Mk.I(a)
GSLV Mk.I(b) India ISRO 2004 2007 GSLV Mk.I(b)
GSLV Mk.I(c) India ISRO 70001000000000000001 Operational 2010 GSLV Mk.I(c)
GSLV Mk.II India ISRO 70032500000000000002,500 Operational 2010 GSLV Mk.II
GSLV Mk.III India ISRO 700410000000000000010,000 70035000000000000005,000 50000000000000000000 Development GSLV Mk.III
H-I Japan
United States
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries 70033200000000000003,200 70031100000000000001,100 to GTO 70009000000000000009 Retired 1986 1992 H-I
H-II Japan Mitsubishi Heavy Industries 70005000000000000005 Retired 1994 1998 H-II
H-IIA 202 Japan Mitsubishi Heavy Industries 700410000000000000010,000 70033800000000000003,800 to GTO 70009000000000000009 Operational 2001 H-IIA 202
H-IIA 204 Japan Mitsubishi Heavy Industries 70035800000000000005,800 to GTO 70001000000000000001 Operational 2006 2006 H-IIA 204
H-IIA 2022 Japan Mitsubishi Heavy Industries 70034200000000000004,200 70003000000000000003 Retired 2005 2007 H-IIA 2022
H-IIA 2024 Japan Mitsubishi Heavy Industries 70007000000000000007 Retired 2002 2008 H-IIA 2024
H-IIB 304 Japan Mitsubishi Heavy Industries 700419000000000000019,000 70038000000000000008,000 70002000000000000002 Operational 2009 H-IIB 304
H-II/SSB Japan Mitsubishi Heavy Industries 70001000000000000001 Retired 1995 1995 H-II/SSB
H-IIS Japan Mitsubishi Heavy Industries 70001000000000000001 Retired 1999 1999 H-IIS
J-I Japan IHI Corporation
Nissan Motors
69971000000000000000(+1) Retired 1996 1996 J-I
Kaituozhe-1 China CALT 70002000000000000002 2002 2003 Kaituozhe-1
Kosmos-3M Soviet Union
Russia
NPO Polyot 70031500000000000001,500 €12 million 7002442000000000000442 Operational 1967 2010 Kosmos-3M
Lambda 4S Japan Nissan Motors 700126000000000000026 70005000000000000005 Retired 1966 1970 Lambda 4S
Long March 1 China CALT 7002300000000000000300 70003000000000000003 Retired 1969 1971 Long March 1
Long March 1D China CALT 69973000000000000000(+3) Operational 1995 2002 Long March 1D
Long March 2A China CALT 70001000000000000001 Retired 1974 1974 Long March 2A
Long March 2C China CALT 700132000000000000032 Operational 1975 Long March 2C
Long March 2D China CALT 700114000000000000014 Operational 1992 Long March 2D
Long March 2E China CALT 70007000000000000007 Retired 1990 1995 Long March 2E
Long March 2F China CALT 70007000000000000007 Operational 1999 Long March 2F
Long March 2F/G China CALT 70001000000000000001 Operational 2011 Long March 2F/G
Long March 3 China CALT 700114000000000000014 Retired 1984 Long March 3
Long March 3A China CALT 70032650000000000002,650 to GTO 700123000000000000023 Operational 1994 Long March 3A
Long March 3B China CALT 700412000000000000012,000 700110000000000000010 Operational 1996 Long March 3B
Long March 3B/E China CALT 70035500000000000005,500 to GTO Operational 2007 Long March 3B/E
Long March 3B(A) China CALT 50000000000000000000 Development Long March 3B(A)
Long March 3C China CALT 70033700000000000003,700 70008000000000000008
Operational 2008 Long March 3C
Long March 4A China CALT 70002000000000000002
Retired 1988 1990 Long March 4A
Long March 4B China CALT 70034200000000000004,200 700118000000000000018 Operational 1999 Long March 4B
Long March 4C China CALT Operational 2007 Long March 4C
Long March 5 China CALT 700425000000000000025,000 700414000000000000014,000 to GTO 50000000000000000000 DevelopmentDevelopment Long March 5
Long March 6 China CALT 50000000000000000000 Development
Long March 6
Long March 7 China CALT 50000000000000000000 Development
Long March 7
Long March 9 China CALT 7005100000000000000100,000 50000000000000000000 Development Long March 9
M-V Japan Nissan Motors (-2000)
IHI AEROSPACE (-2006)
70031800000000000001,800 - 1,850 70007000000000000007 Retired 1997 2006 M-V
Minotaur I United States Orbital 7002580000000000000580 700110000000000000010 Operational 2000 2011 Minotaur I
Minotaur IV United States Orbital 70003000000000000003(+2) Operational 2010 2011 Minotaur IV
Minotaur V United States Orbital 7002640000000000000640 to GTO
447 to TLI
50000000000000000000 Development Minotaur V
Molniya Soviet Union RSC Energia 700124000000000000024 Retired 1960 1965 Molniya
Molniya-M Soviet Union
Russia
RSC Energia 7002275000000000000275 Retired 1964 2010 Molniya-M
Mu-3C Japan Nissan Motors 7002195000000000000195 70004000000000000004 Retired 1974 1979 Mu-3C
Mu-3H Japan Nissan Motors 7002300000000000000300 70003000000000000003 Retired 1977 1978 Mu-3H
Mu-3S Japan Nissan Motors 7002300000000000000300 70004000000000000004 Retired 1980 1984 Mu-3S
Mu-3SII Japan Nissan Motors 7002770000000000000770 70008000000000000008 Retired 1985 1995 Mu-3SII
Mu-4S Japan Nissan Motors 7002180000000000000180 70004000000000000004 Retired 1971 1972 Mu-4S
N1 Soviet Union NPO Energia 700495000000000000095,000 70004000000000000004 Retired 1969 1972 N1
N-I Japan
United States
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries 1975 1982 N-I
N-II Japan
United States
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries 70008000000000000008 Retired 1981 1987 N-II
Naro-1 South Korea
Russia
KARI/Khrunichev 3 Retired 2009 2013 Naro-1
Paektusan North Korea KCST 1998 1998
Pegasus United States Orbital 7002443000000000000443 700141000000000000041 Operational 1990 2012 Pegasus
Polyot Soviet Union RSC Energia 70031400000000000001,400 1963 1964 Polyot
Proton-K Soviet Union
Russia
Khrunichev 700419760000000000019,760 70034930000000000004,930 to GTO 7002311000000000000311 Retired 1965 2012 Proton-K
Proton-M Soviet Union
Russia
Khrunichev 700421600000000000021,600 70036150000000000006,150 to GTO 700185000000000000085 70034302000000000004,302 700413821000000000013,821 700161000000000000061 Operational 2001 Proton-M
PSLV India ISRO 70033200000000000003,200 70031600000000000001,600 to SSO
1,050 to GTO
700111000000000000011 Operational 1993 PSLV
PSLV-CA India ISRO 70032800000000000002,800 70031100000000000001,100 to SSO 70007000000000000007 Operational 2007 PSLV-CA
PSLV-XL India ISRO 70033800000000000003,800 7003130000000000000 1,750 to SSO
1,300 to GTO
70003000000000000003 Operational 2008 PSLV-XL
PSLV-HP India ISRO 70034000000000000004,000 7003144000000000000 1,900 to SSO
1,440 to GTO
50000000000000000000 Development PSLV-HP
Rokot Russia Khrunichev 70031950000000000001,950 700114000000000000014 70037179000000000007,179 700114000000000000014 Operational 1990
Safir Iran Iranian Space Agency 70003000000000000003 2008 2012 Safir
Saturn I United States Chrysler (S-I)
Douglas (S-IV)
700110000000000000010 Retired 1961 1965 Saturn I
Saturn IB United States Chrysler (S-IB)
Douglas (S-IVB)
700420412000000000020,412 70009000000000000009 Retired 1966 1975 Saturn IB
Saturn V United States Boeing (S-IC)
North American (S-II)
Douglas (S-IVB)
7005118000000000000118,000 700447000000000000047,000 to TLI 7002185000000000000185 (1.17 billion in 2013) 70039915000000000009,915 700113000000000000013 Retired 1967 1973 Saturn V
Scout United States US Air Force/NASA 7002150000000000000150 7002125000000000000125 Retired 1961 1994 Scout
Shavit Israel IAE 7002160000000000000160 700115000000000000015 70009000000000000009 Operational 1988 2010 Shavit
Shtil' Russia Makeyev 7002160000000000000160 - 430 1998 2006 Shtil'
Simorgh Iran Iranian Space Agency 700160000000000000060-100 50000000000000000000 Simorgh
SLS United States Alliant Techsystems (SRBs)

Boeing (proposed)

700470000000000000070,000 — 130,000 7002500000000000000500 70037143000000000007,143projected 50000000000000000000 Development SLS
SLV India ISRO 700140000000000000040 70004000000000000004 1979 1983 SLV
Soyuz Soviet Union RSC Energia 70036450000000000006,450 700130000000000000030 Retired 1966 1975 Soyuz
Soyuz-L Soviet Union RSC Energia 70035500000000000005,500 70003000000000000003 Retired 1970 1971 Soyuz-L
Soyuz-M Soviet Union RSC Energia 70036600000000000006,600 70008000000000000008 Retired 1971 1976 Soyuz-M
Soyuz-U Soviet Union
Russia
TsSKB-Progress 70036200000000000006,200–6,700 kg from Plesetsk)
6590-6950 from Baikonour
7002727000000000000727 Operational 1973 Soyuz-U
Soyuz-U2 Soviet Union
Russia
TsSKB-Progress 700192000000000000092 Retired 1982 1995 Soyuz-U2
Soyuz-FG Russia TsSKB-Progress 70036790000000000006,790–7130 kg 700129000000000000029 Operational 2001 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-2.1a Russia TsSKB-Progress 70007001000000000007(+1) Operational 2004 Soyuz-2.1a
Soyuz-2.1b Russia TsSKB-Progress 70004000000000000004 Operational 2011 Soyuz-2.1b
Soyuz-2.1v Russia TsSKB-Progress 70032850000000000002,850 50000000000000000000 Development Soyuz-2.1v
Space Shuttle United States Alliant Techsystems (SRBs)
Martin Marietta (ET)
Rockwell International (Orbiter)
700424400000000000024,400 7002300000000000000300 700410416000000000010,416 7002135000000000000135 Retired 1981 2011 Space Shuttle
Sputnik 8K71PS Soviet Union RSC Energia 7002500000000000000500 70002000000000000002 Retired 1957 1957 Sputnik 8K71PS
Sputnik 8A91 Soviet Union RSC Energia 70031327000000000001,327 70002000000000000002 Retired 1958 1958 Sputnik 8A91
Start-1 Russia MITT 7002532000000000000532 7002167000000000000167 to SSO 70007000000000000007 1993 2006 Start-1
StratoLaunch United States Stratolaunch Systems 70036100000000000006,100 Development 2016 StratoLaunch
Strela Russia Khrunichev 70031700000000000001,700 €5 million. Operational 2003 2003 Strela
Super Haas Romania ARCA 70032600000000000002,600 50000000000000000000 Development Super Haas
Taurus United States Orbital 70031320000000000001,320 70009000000000000009 Operational 1994 2011 Taurus
Antares United States Orbital Sciences Corporation 70036000000000000006,000 70031900000000000001,900 to GTO 50000000000000000000 Development Antares
Titan II GLV United States Martin Marietta 700111001000000000011(+1) Retired 1964 1966 Titan II GLV
Titan II(23)G United States Martin Marietta 700113000000000000013 Retired 1988 2003 Titan II(23)G
Titan IIIA United States Martin Marietta Retired 1964 1965 Titan IIIA
Titan IIIB United States Martin Marietta 700170000000000000070 Retired 1966 1987 Titan IIIB
Titan IIIC United States Martin Marietta 700136000000000000036 Retired 1965 1982 Titan IIIC
Titan IIID United States Martin Marietta 700122000000000000022 Retired 1971 1982 Titan IIID
Titan IIIE United States Martin Marietta 70007000000000000007 Retired 1974 1977 Titan IIID
Titan 34D United States Martin Marietta 700115000000000000015 Retired 1982 1989 Titan 34D
Titan IVA United States Martin Marietta 700122000000000000022 Retired 1989 1998 Titan IVA
Titan IVB United States Lockheed Martin 700421682000000000021,682 70035761000000000005,761 to GTO
(9,000 with upper stage)
7002432000000000000432 700413836000000000013,836 700117000000000000017 Retired 1997 2005 Titan IVB
Tronador II Argentina CONAE 50000000000000000000 Tronador 2.0
Tsyklon-2A Soviet Union Yuzhmash 70008000000000000008 Retired 1967 1969 Tsyklon-2A
Tsyklon-2 Soviet Union
Ukraine
Yuzhmash 7002106000000000000106 Retired 1969 2006 Tsyklon-2
Tsyklon-3 Soviet Union
Ukraine
Yuzhmash 7002122000000000000122 Retired 1977 2009 Tsyklon-3
Tsyklon-4 Ukraine Yuzhmash 70035500000000000005,500 70031700000000000001,700 to GTO 50000000000000000000 Development Tsyklon-4
Unha North Korea KCST 7002100000000000000100 70002000000000000002 Operational 2006 2009 Unha
Vanguard United States Martin 700123000000000000023 700111001000000000011(+1) Retired 1957 1959 Vanguard
Vega Europe ESA/ASI 70031500000000000001,500 700123500000000000023.5 700415600000000000015,600 70001000000000000001 Operational 2012 Vega
VLS-1 Brazil AEB, INPE 7002380000000000000380 70002000000000000002 Operational 1997 2003 VLS-1
Volna Russia Makeyev 7002100000000000000100 70001004999999999991(+5) Operational 1995 2005 Volna
Voskhod Soviet Union RSC Energia 7002306000000000000306 Retired 1963 1976 Voskhod
Vostok-L Soviet Union RSC Energia 70004000000000000004 Retired 1960 1960 Vostok-L
Vostok-K Soviet Union RSC Energia 700116000000000000016 Retired 1960 1964 Vostok-K
Vostok-2 Soviet Union RSC Energia 700145000000000000045 Retired 1962 1967 Vostok-2
Vostok-2M Soviet Union RSC Energia 700193000000000000093 Retired 1964 1991 Vostok-2M
Soyuz/Vostok Soviet Union RSC Energia Retired 1965 1966 Soyuz/Vostok
Zenit-2 Soviet Union
Ukraine
Yuzhnoye 700413740000000000013,740 700137000000000000037 Retired 1985 2004 Zenit-2
Zenit-2M (2SLB) Ukraine Yuzhnoye 700413920000000000013,920 70001000000000000001 Operational 2007 Zenit-2M (2SLB)
Zenit-3F Ukraine Yuzhnoye 70001000000000000001 Operational 2011 Zenit-3F
Zenit-3SL Ukraine Yuzhmash
RKK Energia
70036000000000000006,000 to GTO 7002100000000000000100 700419048000000000019,048 700130000000000000030 Operational 1999 Zenit-3SL
Zenit-3SLB Ukraine Yuzhmash
RKK Energia
70033750000000000003,750 to GTO 70004000000000000004 Operational 2008 Zenit-3SLB

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