Collect Pond

The Collect Pond or Fresh Water Pond was a body of fresh water near the southern end of Manhattan Island in New York City, occupying approximately 48 acres (190,000 m2) and as deep as 60 feet (18 m). For the first two hundred years of European settlement of Manhattan, Collect Pond was the main water supply for the growing city. The pond, fed by an underground spring, was located in a valley, with Bayard Mount (at 110 feet the tallest hill in lower Manhattan) to the northeast and Kalck Hoek (Dutch for Chalk Hook, named for the numerous oyster shell middens left by the indigenous Native American inhabitants) to the west.

A stream flowed north out of the pond and then west through a salt marsh (which, after being drained, became a meadow by the name of "Lispenard Meadows") to the Hudson River, while another stream issued from the southeastern part of the pond in an easterly direction to the East River.

The southwestern shore of the Collect Pond was the site of a Native American settlement known as Werpoes. A small band of Munsee, the northernmost division of the Lenape, occupied the site until the Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam was established. It is possible that members of this band were the participants in the famed sale of Manhattan (Manahatta) to the Dutch.

Read more about Collect PondHistory, John Fitch's Steamboat Experiment, Modern Day

Other articles related to "collect pond, pond, collect":

Five Points, Manhattan - History - Collect Pond
... The Collect Pond (or Fresh Water Pond) was a body of spring fed fresh water, occupying approximately 48 acres (194,000 m²) and as deep as 60 feet (18 m) ... The pond was located in an inverted U-shaped valley with a linear portion in the north heading northwest to the Hudson River ... The Collect Pond was located in the eastern section of the valley, with Kalck Hoek to the west and Bayard Mount—at 110 ft ...
Garbeta - History
... Unprotected helpless king Chitra Sing committed suicide with his family jumping in the pond of the pleasure garden ... He excavated a pond in the middle of the town of Garhbeta ... The present name of the pond is Raota ...
Collect Pond - Modern Day
... In 1960, a portion of the site of the Collect was given to the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation for conversion into a park ... However, the park was renamed "Collect Pond Park", its current name, to represent its history more accurately ... The newly re-built park is to include a pond evocative of the former Collect Pond ...

Famous quotes containing the words pond and/or collect:

    This pond never breaks up so soon as the others in this neighborhood, on account both of its greater depth and its having no stream passing through it to melt or wear away the ice.... It indicates better than any water hereabouts the absolute progress of the season, being least affected by transient changes of temperature. A severe cold of a few days’ duration in March may very much retard the opening of the former ponds, while the temperature of Walden increases almost uninterruptedly.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

    A great biography should, like the close of a great drama, leave behind it a feeling of serenity. We collect into a small bunch the flowers, the few flowers, which brought sweetness into a life, and present it as an offering to an accomplished destiny. It is the dying refrain of a completed song, the final verse of a finished poem.
    André Maurois (1885–1967)