The Collect Pond or Fresh Water Pond was a body of fresh water near the southern end of Manhattan Island in New York City, occupying approximately 48 acres (190,000 m2) and as deep as 60 feet (18 m). For the first two hundred years of European settlement of Manhattan, Collect Pond was the main water supply for the growing city. The pond, fed by an underground spring, was located in a valley, with Bayard Mount (at 110 feet the tallest hill in lower Manhattan) to the northeast and Kalck Hoek (Dutch for Chalk Hook, named for the numerous oyster shell middens left by the indigenous Native American inhabitants) to the west.
A stream flowed north out of the pond and then west through a salt marsh (which, after being drained, became a meadow by the name of "Lispenard Meadows") to the Hudson River, while another stream issued from the southeastern part of the pond in an easterly direction to the East River.
The southwestern shore of the Collect Pond was the site of a Native American settlement known as Werpoes. A small band of Munsee, the northernmost division of the Lenape, occupied the site until the Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam was established. It is possible that members of this band were the participants in the famed sale of Manhattan (Manahatta) to the Dutch.
Other articles related to "collect pond, pond, collect":
... The Collect Pond (or Fresh Water Pond) was a body of spring fed fresh water, occupying approximately 48 acres (194,000 m²) and as deep as 60 feet (18 m) ... The pond was located in an inverted U-shaped valley with a linear portion in the north heading northwest to the Hudson River ... The Collect Pond was located in the eastern section of the valley, with Kalck Hoek to the west and Bayard Mount—at 110 ft ...
... suicide with his family jumping in the pond of the pleasure garden ... He excavated a pond in the middle of the town of Garhbeta ... The present name of the pond is Raota ...
... In 1960, a portion of the site of the Collect was given to the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation for conversion into a park ... However, the park was renamed "Collect Pond Park", its current name, to represent its history more accurately ... The newly re-built park is to include a pond evocative of the former Collect Pond ...
Famous quotes containing the words pond and/or collect:
“The phenomena of the year take place every day in a pond on a small scale. Every morning, generally speaking, the shallow water is being warmed more rapidly than the deep, though it may not be made so warm after all, and every evening it is being cooled more rapidly until the morning. The day is an epitome of the year. The night is the winter, the morning and evening are the spring and fall, and the noon is the summer. The cracking and booming of the ice indicate a change of temperature.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)
“[A] Dada exhibition. Another one! Whats the matter with everyone wanting to make a museum piece out of Dada? Dada was a bomb ... can you imagine anyone, around half a century after a bomb explodes, wanting to collect the pieces, sticking it together and displaying it?”
—Max Ernst (18911976)