Coeliac Disease - Screening

Screening

Due to its high sensitivity, serology has been proposed as a screening measure, because the presence of antibodies would detect previously undiagnosed cases of coeliac disease and prevent its complications in those patients. There is significant debate as to the benefits of screening. Some studies suggest that early detection would decrease the risk of osteoporosis and anaemia. In contrast, a cohort study in Cambridge suggested that people with undetected coeliac disease had a beneficial risk profile for cardiovascular disease (less overweight, lower cholesterol levels). There is limited evidence that screen-detected cases benefit from a diagnosis in terms of morbidity and mortality; hence, population-level screening is not presently thought to be beneficial.

In the United Kingdom, the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) recommends screening for coeliac disease in patients with newly diagnosed chronic fatigue syndrome and irritable bowel syndrome, as well as in type 1 diabetics, especially those with insufficient weight gain or unexplained weight loss. It is also recommended in autoimmune thyroid disease, dermatitis herpetiformis, and in the first-degree relatives of those with confirmed coeliac disease.

There is a large number of scenarios where testing for coeliac disease may be offered given previously described associations, such as the conditions mentioned above in "miscellaneous".

Read more about this topic:  Coeliac Disease

Other articles related to "screening":

Lost Indulgence - Release
... of Radio, Film, and Television to ban director Lou Ye and producer Nai An for improperly screening their 2006 film Summer Palace at the Cannes Film Festival without permission ... Lost Indulgence missed a second scheduled screening at the Udine East Asian Film Festival, when a screening was again canceled due to failure to obtain official permission ...
Screening

Screening can also mean preventing access of something by some sort of barrier. Particular cases:

  • Electric field screening
  • Electromagnetic shielding in physics, the exclusion of electric, magnetic, or electromagnetic fields by a metallic screen or shield
  • In atomic physics and chemistry, the screening effect or atomic shielding is the reduction of effective nuclear charge by intervening electron shells
  • Screening (printing), a process that represents lighter shades as tiny dots, rather than solid areas, of ink by passing ink through a perforated screen
  • Screening is a process stage when cleaning paper pulp
Cash Transfers - Targeting
... This can either be achieved through a screening process of potential recipients, or else by making the benefits of the transfers so low only the most desperate will apply ... associated with this method as the transaction costs of screening are very high, due to the need to pay for assessment, the travelling cost of candidates to and from the assessment and also ... the programme and avoids the transaction costs of screening ...
Salisbury-Elk Lick School District - Special Education
... These procedures include screening activities which include but are not limited to review of group-based data (cumulative records, enrollment records, health records, and report cards) hearing screening (at a minimum ... a Pre-Referral, Child-Study, Early Intervening or Instructional Support Team, the above screening activities may lead to consideration by the teams to move the ... When screening results suggest that the student may be eligible, the District seeks parental consent to conduct a multidisciplinary evaluation ...
Sessile Serrated Adenoma - Treatment
... SSAs confer a higher risk of subsequently finding colorectal cancer and warrant more frequently screening ... The screening guidelines are the same, as for other colonic adenomas ... The screening interval is dependent on (1) the number of adenomas, (2) their size and, (3) whether high-grade microscopic features are present ...