Civil defense (Civil defence), (see spelling differences) or civil protection is an effort to protect the citizens of a state (generally non-combatants) from military attack. It uses the principles of emergency operations: prevention, mitigation, preparation, response, or emergency evacuation, and recovery. Programmes of this sort were initially discussed at least as early as the 1920s and were implemented in many countries, but only became widespread in the USA after the threat of nuclear weapons was realised.
Since the end of the Cold War, the focus of civil defense has largely shifted from military attack to emergencies and disasters in general. The new concept is described by a number of terms, each of which has its own specific shade of meaning, such as crisis management, emergency management, emergency preparedness, contingency planning, emergency services, and civil protection.
In some countries, civil defense is seen as a key part of "total defense". For example in Sweden, the Swedish word totalförsvar refers to the commitment of a wide range of resources of the nation to its defense - including to civil protection.
Other articles related to "civil defense, civil":
... United States Civil Defense Association Civil defense in Israel Civil defense in Finland Civil Defence Ireland Civil Defence New Zealand Corps des Sapeurs-Pompiers - Monaco Civil Police - San Marino Protezione ...
... The Office of Civil Defense was created to inform Americans what to do in case of enemy attack ...
... An earlier civil defense effort in the United States during the 1950s and 1960s fell into disrepair by the 1970s ... the cold war called Survival Under Atomic Attack depicts the nature of the early civil defense initiatives ... government civil defense program was minimal during the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s, despite efforts by Christian writer Gary North to lobby the government to resume civil defense efforts and build fallout shelters ...
... Civil Defense Begins at Home Militarization meets everyday life in the fifties ... United States Civil Defense ... Civil Defense A symposium presented at the Berkely meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, December 1965 ...
... the war, Helsinki had quite an extensive civil defense system ... All buildings were required to have an appointed civil protection supervisor who was not in the reserves or the armed forces, and as such was usually unfit for ...
Famous quotes containing the words defense and/or civil:
“... most Southerners of my parents era were raised to feel that it wasnt respectable to be rich. We felt that all patriotic Southerners had lost everything in defense of the South, and sufficient time hadnt elapsed for respectable rebuilding of financial security in a war- impoverished region.”
—Sarah Patton Boyle, U.S. civil rights activist and author. The Desegregated Heart, part 1, ch. 1 (1962)
“When civil fury first grew high,
And men fell out, they knew not why;
When hard words, jealousies, and fears,
Set folks together by the ears,
And made them fight, like mad or drunk,
For Dame Religion, as for punk;”
—Samuel Butler (16121680)