Civil Defense

Civil defense (Civil defence), (see spelling differences) or civil protection is an effort to protect the citizens of a state (generally non-combatants) from military attack. It uses the principles of emergency operations: prevention, mitigation, preparation, response, or emergency evacuation, and recovery. Programmes of this sort were initially discussed at least as early as the 1920s and were implemented in many countries, but only became widespread in the USA after the threat of nuclear weapons was realised.

Since the end of the Cold War, the focus of civil defense has largely shifted from military attack to emergencies and disasters in general. The new concept is described by a number of terms, each of which has its own specific shade of meaning, such as crisis management, emergency management, emergency preparedness, contingency planning, emergency services, and civil protection.

In some countries, civil defense is seen as a key part of "total defense". For example in Sweden, the Swedish word totalförsvar refers to the commitment of a wide range of resources of the nation to its defense - including to civil protection.

Read more about Civil DefenseHistory, Importance, Threat Assessment, Implementation, Civil Defense Organizations

Other articles related to "civil defense, civil":

United States Civil Defense - Bibliography - Books - Cold War Civil Defense
... Civil Defense Begins at Home Militarization meets everyday life in the fifties ... United States Civil Defense ... Civil Defense A symposium presented at the Berkely meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, December 1965 ...
American Propaganda During World War II - Themes - War Effort - Civil Defense
... The Office of Civil Defense was created to inform Americans what to do in case of enemy attack ...
Civil Defense Organizations - By Nation
... United States Civil Defense Association Civil defense in Israel Civil defense in Finland Civil Defence Ireland Civil Defence New Zealand Corps des Sapeurs-Pompi ...
Survivalist - Government Preparedness Efforts and Training
... An earlier civil defense effort in the United States during the 1950s and 1960s fell into disrepair by the 1970s ... start of the cold war called Survival Under Atomic Attack depicts the nature of the early civil defense initiatives ... government civil defense program was minimal during the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s, despite efforts by Christian writer Gary North to lobby the government to resume civil defense ...
Bombing Of Helsinki In World War II - Civil Defense
... Before the war, Helsinki had quite an extensive civil defense system ... All buildings were required to have an appointed civil protection supervisor who was not in the reserves or the armed forces, and as such was usually unfit ...

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