Cimex

Bed bugs are parasitic insects of the cimicid family that feed exclusively on blood. The term most commonly refers to members of the genus Cimex of which Cimex lectularius, the common bed bug, is the best known as it prefers to feed on human blood although other Cimex species are specialized to other animals, e.g., bat bugs, C. pipistrelli (Europe), C. pilosellus (western US), and C. adjunctus (entire eastern US).

The name of the "bed bug" is derived from the preferred habitat of Cimex lectularius: warm houses and especially nearby or inside of beds and bedding or other sleep areas. Bed bugs are mainly active at night, but are not exclusively nocturnal. They usually feed on their hosts without being noticed.

A number of adverse health effects may result from bed bug bites, including skin rashes, psychological effects, and allergic symptoms. Diagnosis involves both finding bed bugs and the occurrence of compatible symptoms.

Bed bugs have been known as human parasites for thousands of years. At a point in the early 1940s, they were mostly eradicated in the developed world, but have recently increased in prevalence since 1995. Because infestation of human habitats has been on the increase, bed bug bites and related conditions have been on the rise as well.

Read more about Cimex:  Infestation, Epidemiology, History, Society and Culture

Other articles related to "cimex":

Bedbug - Epidemiology
... The common bed bug (Cimex lectularius) is the species best adapted to human environments ... Other species include Cimex hemipterus, found in tropical regions, which also infests poultry and bats, and Leptocimex boueti, found in the tropics of West Africa and South America ... Cimex pilosellus and Cimex pipistrella primarily infest bats, while Haematosiphon inodora, a species of North America, primarily infests poultry ...
Bat Bug
... Subfamily Afrociminae Genus Afrocimex Afrocimex constrictus Subfamily Cimicinae' 'Genus Cimex Cimex adjunctus Cimex antennatus Cimex brevis Cimex columbarius Cimex incrassatus Cimex latipennis Cimex hemipterus (C ... rotundatus) Cimex pilosellus Cimex pipistrella Genus Propicimex Subfamily Cacodminae Genus Aphrania Genus Cacodomus Genus Crassicimex Genus Leptocimex Leptocimex boueti Genus ... Cimex lectularius, Afrocimex constrictus) and also to members of the family Polyctenidae ...
Bed Bug - Epidemiology
... The common bed bug (Cimex lectularius) is the species best adapted to human environments ... Other species include Cimex hemipterus, found in tropical regions, which also infests poultry and bats, and Leptocimex boueti, found in the tropics of West Africa and South America, which infests ... Cimex pilosellus and Cimex pipistrella primarily infest bats, while Haematosiphon inodora, a species of North America, primarily infests poultry ...
Cimex - Society and Culture - Etymology
... The term bed bug may also be spelled bedbug or bed-bug, though published sources consistently use the unhyphenated two-word name bed bug ... They have been known by a variety of other names, including wall louse, mahogany flat, crimson rambler, heavy dragoon, chinche bug, and redcoat ...