Child Labor

Child Labor

Child labour refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful. This practice is considered exploitative by many international organisations. Legislations across the world prohibit child labour. These laws do not consider all work by children as child labour; exceptions include work by child artists, supervised training, certain categories of work such as those by Amish children, and others.

Child labour was employed to varying extents through most of history. Before 1940, numerous children aged 5–14 worked in Europe, the United States and various colonies of European powers. These children worked in agriculture, home-based assembly operations, factories, mining and in services such as newsies. Some worked night shifts lasting 12 hours. With the rise of household income, availability of schools and passage of child labour laws, the incidence rates of child labour fell.

In developing countries, with high poverty and poor schooling opportunities, child labour is still prevalent. In 2010, sub-saharan Africa had the highest incidence rates of child labour, with several African nations witnessing over 50 percent of children aged 5–14 working. Worldwide agriculture is the largest employer of child labour. Vast majority of child labour is found in rural settings and informal urban economy; children are predominantly employed by their parents, rather than factories. Poverty and lack of schools are considered as the primary cause of child labour.

The incidence of child labour in the world decreased from 25% to 10% between 1960 and 2003, according to the World Bank.

Read more about Child Labor:  Child Labour Laws and Initiatives, Eliminating Child Labour

Other articles related to "child labor, child, labor":

Child Labor - Eliminating Child Labour
... in purchasing products assembled or otherwise manufactured in developing countries with child labour ... However, others have raised concerns that boycotting products manufactured through child labour may force these children to turn to more dangerous or strenuous professions, such as ... For example, a UNICEF study found that after the Child Labour Deterrence Act was introduced in the US, an estimated 50,000 children were dismissed from their garment industry jobs in Bangladesh ...
Social Aspects of Banana Plantations - Labor Conditions
... Labor conditions in the banana industry have historically drawn attention both in criticism of the traditionally poor industry working conditions, and more recently in attempts by labor advocacy groups and some ... Child labor on banana plantations has also historically been a heated labor issue Labor unions, UNICEF, and others have resisted the use of child labor as young as 8 ... In Sub-Saharan Africa, banana plantations have had a tradition of utilizing child labor that dates to the 19th century and thrives in modern times ...
Law Of Bhutan - Public Law - Employment and Labor Law - Child Labor
... Although child labor is not banned outright, certain practices such as child trafficking, child prostitution, hard labor, night work, and dangerous and unhealthy working conditions are specifically ... In practice, child labor is common on farms, in shops, and at schools themselves ...
Bureau Of International Labor Affairs - Child Labor, Human Trafficking and Forced Labor
... In 1993, the United States Congress directed the Secretary of Labor, Robert Reich at the time, to identify foreign industries and countries which export goods to the United States which were produced using ... the first of its reports on the subject The Sweat and Toil of Children The Use of Child Labor in American Imports ... of items which were produced by forced or indentured labor ...
Life In Great Britain During The Industrial Revolution - Impacts On The Society
... machinery factories could be built and used to mass produce goods at a rate that human labor could never achieve ... Finally seeing a problem with child labor the British parliament passed three acts that helped regulate child labor Cotton Factories Regulation Act 1819 ...

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