Charles Martel (Latin: Carolus Martellus) (c.688 AD – 22 October 741), also known as Charles the Hammer, was a Frankish military and political leader, who served as Mayor of the Palace under the Merovingian kings and ruled de facto during an interregnum (737–43) at the end of his life, using the title Duke and Prince of the Franks. In 739 he was offered the title of Consul by the Pope, but he refused.
He is remembered for winning the Battle of Tours in 732, in which he defeated an invading Moorish army. This victory is traditionally credited with halting northward Islamic expansion in western Europe.
A brilliant general, he is considered to be a founding figure of the Middle Ages, often credited with a seminal role in the development of feudalism and knighthood, and laying the groundwork for the Carolingian Empire. He was also the father of Pepin the Short and grandfather of Charlemagne.
Other articles related to "charles martel, charles":
... Charles Martel and Brennus were two French ironclad battleships laid down in 1881-85, but cancelled in 1886, at an early stage of construction ... to have a partial armoured belt were the Dévastation class and the Masséna.) Charles Martel - may have been laid down in 1883, at Toulon ...
... In 1270, when Mary was only twelve years of age, she married the future Charles II of Naples (1254–1309), the eldest son and heir of Charles I of Sicily and his wife ... transferred her rights to her eldest son, Charles Martel of Anjou ... Vladislav II of Syrmia, was still a dangerous rival for Maria and Charles Martel ...
... Charles Martel was set up by Pope Nicholas IV and the ecclesiastical party as the titular King of Hungary (1290–1295) as successor of his maternal uncle, the childless Ladislaus IV of Hungary against whom the Pope ... Charles Martel was, however, successful in asserting his claims in parts of Croatia, a kingdom then in personal union with Hungary ... Charles Martel died young in Naples, during the lifetime of his parents ...
... Charles Martel married twice His first wife was Rotrude, daughter of Leudwinus, (died 724) ... They had the following child Grifo Charles Martel also had a mistress, Ruodhaid ... before 732–787) Hieronymus, son of Charles Martel
Famous quotes containing the word charles:
“As I was going by Charing Cross,
I saw a black man upon a black horse;
They told me it was King Charles the First”
—Unknown. As I was going by Charing Cross (l. 13)