During the Second Sino-Japanese War, in 1941 the Second Volume of the book "Inside Asia", by John Gunther, was prohibited and censored by the Republic of China (based in Chongqing, since portions of the Second Volume reported on certain things in Northwestern China which Chinese Muslims were doing.
In much of the martial law period of the Republic of China in Taiwan (1948–1987), the Kuomintang, as an authoritarian state, exercised strict control of the media. Parties other than the Kuomintang were banned and media advocating either democracy or Taiwan independence was banned. Li Ao, a famous political activist in Taiwan, nationalist, and intellectual, had over 96 books banned from sale. Writer Bo Yang was jailed for eight years for his translation of the cartoon Popeye because the translation was interpreted as a criticism of leader Chiang Kai-shek. Taiwanese-language media was also banned, and children who spoke Taiwanese in school were physically punished. The revision of Criminal Acts against seditious speech in 1992 ended the persecution to political opponents.
Read more about this topic: Censorship In The Republic Of China
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