Carrier Battle Group

A carrier battle group (CVBG) consists of an aircraft carrier (designated CV) and its escorts, together comprising the group. The first naval task forces built around carriers appeared just prior to and during World War II. The Imperial Japanese Navy was the first to assemble a large number of carriers into a single task force, known as Kido Butai. This task force was used with devastating effect during the Pearl Harbor Attack. Kido Butai operated as the IJN's main carrier battle group until four of its carriers were sunk at the Battle of Midway. In contrast, the United States Navy deployed its large carriers in separate formations, with each carrier assigned its own cruiser and destroyer escorts. These single-carrier formations would often be paired or grouped together for certain assignments, most notably the Battle of the Coral Sea and Midway. By 1943 however, large numbers of fleet and light carriers became available, which required larger formations of three or four carriers. These carrier groups eventually formed the Fast Carrier Task Force, which became the primary battle force of the U.S. Fifth and Third Fleets.

With the construction of the large supercarriers of the Cold War era, the practice of operating each carrier in a single formation was revived. During the Cold War, the main role of the CVBG in case of conflict with the Soviet Union would have been to protect Atlantic supply routes between the United States and Europe, while the role of the Soviet Navy would have been to interrupt these sea lanes, a fundamentally easier task. Because the Soviet Union had no large carriers of its own, a situation of dueling aircraft carriers would have been unlikely. However, a primary mission of the Soviet Navy's attack submarines was to shadow every CVBG and, on the outbreak of hostilities, sink the carriers. Understanding this threat, the CVBG expended enormous resources in its own anti-submarine warfare mission.

Read more about Carrier Battle GroupCarrier Battle Groups in Crises, The U.S. Navy Carrier Strike Group, Underway Replenishment, Debate On Future Viability

Other articles related to "carrier battle group, carriers, carrier, battle, carrier battle groups, battles, group":

Carrier Strike Group - History
... Navy carrier battle group can be traced to the 1920s and was initially based on previous experience grouping battleships and other major surface combatants ... War II, administratively, aircraft carriers were assigned to carrier divisions (CARDIVs) ... and Task Force 17 perhaps gained the most fame for their roles in the Battle of the Coral Sea and the Battle of Midway ...
USS Stethem (DDG-63) - Ship History - Fourth Deployment and Periodic Training
... the opposition forces for the Abraham Lincoln carrier battle group’s Joint Task Force Exercise (JTFEX) ... played the role of opposition force, this time for the Constellation carrier battle group ... In January 2003, Stethem played the opposition force role for the Nimitz carrier battle group ...
Carrier Battle Group - Debate On Future Viability
... There is debate in naval warfare circles as to the viability of carrier battle groups in 21st century naval warfare ... However, carriers have been called upon to be first responders even when conventional land based aircraft were employed ... Navy sortied additional carriers to augment the on station assets eventually maintaining six carriers for Desert Storm ...
Battle - Effects
... Battles affect the individuals who take part, as well as the political actors ... Personal effects of battle range from mild psychological issues to permanent and crippling injuries ... Some battle-survivors have nightmares about the conditions they encountered, or abnormal reactions to certain sights or sounds ...
USS Vella Gulf (CG-72)
... She is named for the Battle of Vella Gulf, a naval engagement in the Solomons campaign of World War II ... The battle was fought between the islands of Vella Lavella and Kolombangara on the night of 6 August 1943 ... In the battle of Vella Gulf, six American destroyers – Dunlap, Craven, Maury, Lang, Sterrett, and Stack – engaged a group of four enemy destroyers ...

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