Capitonym - List of Capitonyms in English

List of Capitonyms in English

Capitalised word Lowercase word Notes
Alpine: of or relating to the Alps alpine: (adj.) relating to high mountains; living or growing in high mountains; (n.) an alpine plant
Arabic: of or relating to the Arabic language or Arabic literature arabic: (gum) arabic, also called gum acacia, a food ingredient, arabic numbers (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9) <-- Do not capitalize! --> The so-called "arabic" numbers are really from India, but it was the Arabs who brought them to Europe.
Ares: god of war ares: plural of are, a metric unit of area different pronunciations
August: the eighth month of the year august: majestic or venerable different pronunciations
Boxing (Day): 26 December boxing: a sport
Calorie: a kilogram-calorie (Cal) calorie: a gram-calorie (cal) A practice advocated by some, and not widely followed. The use of the terms 'small calorie' and 'large calorie' or 'gram calorie' and 'kilogram calorie' eliminates any potential confusion. Food product labeling, which often uses Calorie in an ambiguous capitalization, generally refers to kilogram-calories. However, this ambiguity has become obsolete anyway, because the calorie is not a valid SI unit any more, and the joule should be used instead (1 calorie is about 4.2 joules).
Cancer: 1. a constellation and astrological sign. 2. a genus of crab. cancer: a class of diseases.
Catholic: relating to the Catholic Church (usually the Roman Catholic Church) (adj.); a member of that church (noun) catholic: free of provincial prejudices or attachments; universal
Celt: (/kɛlt/ or /sɛlt/) a person from an ethnic group using a Celtic language celt: (/sɛlt/) a prehistoric axe
Cuban: from Cuba cuban: relating to cubes, as in cuban prime (rare technical use)
Divine: relating to God divine: to discover by intuition or insight; to locate water, minerals, etc. The capitalized form usually means transcendent, holy, or relating to God, but when lowercased, the word can take either meaning. "The Divine" usually means "God" in particular.
Earth: a planet earth: the dry land of this planet
Gallic: relating to France or to the ancient territory of Gaul gallic: relating to galls (abnormal plant growths)
German: from Germany german: close (relative)
God: "the supreme or ultimate reality" (Merriam-Webster's Online Dictionary), the specific deity of most monotheistic religions god: "a being or object believed to have more than natural attributes and powers and to require human worship" (ibidem), a deity in general The word for God is capitalized when referring to the monotheistic Supreme Being, but lowercased when referring to the gods of ancient mythology.
He: pronoun for God he: pronoun for a male It is common practice to capitalize the pronouns referring to God (He, Him, His etc.) Many versions of the Bible, such as the NKJV, therefore capitalize pronouns referring to God.

In this tradition, possessive pronouns are also capitalized if one is quoting God; "My" and "Mine" are capitalized, which should not be done when a human speaks. The pronouns You, Your, and Yours are also sometimes capitalized in reference to God.

Ionic: relating to Ionia or to a style of classical architecture ionic: relating to (chemical) ions
Italic: of, or relating to Italy italic: pertaining to a sloping typeface or font
Job: subject of a book of the Bible job: a form of employment different pronunciations
Lent: the period between Ash Wednesday and Easter lent: past tense and participle of to lend
Lesbian: The demonym for Lesbos. lesbian: a female homosexual (noun) or (adjective) pertaining to lesbians or their relationships.
March: the third month of the year march: to walk briskly and rhythmically
Marine: member of the United States Marine Corps marine: something produced by the sea
Mass: a liturgical function mass: a physical property of matter
May: the fifth month of the year may: modal verb
Mercury: a planet; the messenger god of the Romans mercury: chemical element number 80 (symbol Hg)
Mosaic: pertaining to Moses mosaic: a kind of decoration
Nice: a location in France nice: pleasant different pronunciations
Pole: a Polish person pole: a long thin cylindrical object; various other meanings
Polish: /ˈpoʊlɪʃ/ from Poland polish: /ˈpɒlɪʃ/ to create a shiny surface by rubbing (verb); a compound used in that process (noun) different pronunciations
Reading: the county town of Berkshire, England, or any one of 17 populated areas in the United States named after it reading: gerund or present participle of the verb to read, meaning to decode text or other signals. different pronunciations
Scot: a native of Scotland scot: a payment, charge, assessment, or tax
Scotch: from or relating to Scotland, or a form of whiskey scotch: to put an end to (especially rumours)
Swede: a person from Sweden swede: a vegetable (Brassica napobrassica), also known as rutabaga
Tangier: City in Morocco tangier: comparative of adjective "tangy". Tangier is pronounced tan-JEER with, tangier pronounced TANG-ee-ər with .
Tradition (also Sacred Tradition): in some Christian churches, part of the "deposit of faith" tradition: custom passed down within a family or other cultural group
Truth: sometimes capitalized in philosophical and religious contexts when referring to the transcendent, Platonic notion of truth truth: the collection of real things, events, and facts See "Philosophical, religious, and political terminology" section above.
Turkey: a country in the Middle East turkey: a bird, often raised for food
Welsh: from or relating to Wales welsh: to renege (on an agreement) The verb welsh (also spelled welch) is of unknown etymology but is often described as deriving from the adjective Welsh and consequently perceived as insulting to people from Wales, although there is no direct evidence of the connection, nor any popular perception that people from Wales do not comply with agreements.
Western: relating to European culture western: of the west or relating to western films or television programs

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